The Civil Rights Era

Events

Baseball Integrated

April 15, 1947

Jackie Robinson becomes the first African-American playing in major league baseball, breaking the color barrier in sports, paving the way for others to do the same.

Military Integrated

July 26, 1948

President Truman desegregates the military, allowing all races to be fighting in battle together.

Victory in Brown v. BOE

May 17, 1954

Victory is won in the Brown v. BOE court case, ordering integration in all public schools.

Emmett Till Murdered

August 28, 1955

Emmett Till was abducted and murdered because of his interaction with a white girl, causing outrage among blacks.

Rosa Parks/ Montgomery Bus Boycott

December 1, 1955 - December 21, 1956

After refusing to give up her bus seat to a white man, Rosa Parks was arrested, and inspired a bus boycott which led to the integration of public buses.

Integration of Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas

September 25, 1957

After being barred from attending the school by the state National Guard, President Eisenhower sends in Federal Troops to escort the colored students to their classes, which integrated the school.

Greensboro, NC Sit-In

February 1, 1960

Four black college students entered a department store, and sat at the white counter to protest segregation.

Creation of the SNCC

April 17, 1960

The SNCC was a non-violent activist group, who began to use sit-ins at lunch counters as a form of protest against segregation, and also had a major role in creating the freedom riders.

Freedom Riders

May 4, 1961

A busload of protesters began a journey around the south to protest segregation, but faced much violence during these trips.

Children's March

May 2, 1963 - May 5, 1963

Children all over Birmingham, Alabama marched through the city to protest segregation, and many were arrested or injured because of it.

Civil Rights Act

July 2, 1964

The Civil Rights Act illegalizes segregation in the workforce, public and any other places, giving blacks and all minorities equal rights and the victory in Civil Rights.

Jimmy Lee Jackson Killed

February 18, 1965

Jimmy Lee Jackson was murdered by a police officer, who was threatening his elderly family members during a peaceful protest against civil rights.

March from Selma to Montgomery, AL

March 7, 1965

In remembrance of Jimmy Lee Jackson, and to protest segregation, 600 people began a march to Montgomery, but it ended in state troopers brutally beating them in what is now known as "Bloody Sunday".

Voting Rights Act

August 6, 1965

President Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act on this date, instituted federal oversights of elections and registration, and made it possible for blacks to vote.