What is was- The Industrial Revolution was a period from the 18th to the 19th century where major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transport, and technology had an extreme effect on the socioeconomic and cultural conditions starting in Great Britain, and spreading throughout Europe, North America, and eventually the world. Because of the advances in agriculture, food supply began to grow, and because of the industrial organization and new technology, it resulted in increased production, and so the pattern continued. As production increased, clothing dropped in price and the working class was able to afford them. More jobs were available so people begin to bring home more family income. During this time everyone was so focused on more, and bigger means better, that the working conditions to all of the employees began to worsen. Soon they weren’t looked at as workers, they were seen as “hands.” Not before long children were beginning to work in these harsh conditions too and not attending school.
Why it’s Important- The Industrial Revolution not only showed us that hard work can result in more necessities, but it taught us that some companies could care less what goes on to produce what they want done. We still see this today, like when we learn what is really inside of some processed foods. The Industrial Revolution was a time to be remembered because of how we advanced in many ways. Transportation became easier, more energy sources we being found, technology began to advance, food became more sparing, and the prices of some things dropped so that the working class could by their necessities as well.
What is was- Edward Jenner, an English country doctor from Gloucestershire, discovered the first vaccine in 1796. During the time, thousands of people were battling against smallpox, a disease that killed millions of people over the centuries. Jenner was still in medical school during the time, and had been researching a cure to this disease. On May 14, 1796, Jenner took fluid from a cowpox blister and scratched it into the skin of James Phipps, an eight-year-old boy. A blister rose up on the spot, but James recovered soon enough. A couple weeks later Jenner tried it again, this time with smallpox matter and nothing came up. His method was successful, and not before long all of Europe was using similar methods to vaccinate patients and eliminate smallpox.
Why it’s Important- The discovery of the smallpox disease is important and should be remembered because it revolutionized all future medicine. Without the vaccination of smallpox thousands more could have passed because of the deadly disease. This was not the first medicine, but it was the first time we had started to meddle with vaccination. After Jenner discovered this method and others began to use it as well, people became more interested in what else they could cure, and not before long, the first actual medicine was discovered, penicillin. Overall, the smallpox disease revolutionized all future medicine.
What is was- The Open Door Policy was initiated` by the United States in 1899 It was used to secure international agreement to the U.S. policy of promoting equal opportunity for international trade in China, and respect for China’s administrative and territorial integrity. British and American policies toward China had long operated under similar principles, but once Hay put them into writing, the “Open Door” became the official U.S. policy towards the far east. This policy also gave the United States territory in China and it allows them to have access to millions of consumers in China. Not only that, but the Open Door Policy increased Chinese investments in the United States.
Why it’s Important- The Open Door Policy is important because of how it allows any country the same right to utilize trading in China. I feel that the United States plays a huge part in this still today because everything we seem to buy says “Made in China.” This benefits us a tremendous amount because we have the same access to them as any European country does, even though we are much farther away.
What is was- World War 1 was suddenly started at the assassination of Austria’s Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie, on June 28th, 1914, by Siberia. Before Austria-Hungary declared war on Siberia, they went to find back up and created some alliances. Soon Germany was ready to fight alongside them, and Russia, who already had an alliance with France and Britain alongside Siberia. The ar was mainly fought inside trenches, making the game all the more complicated, so unless you would run out, into “no-man’s land” and across to their side you couldn’t get anywhere. New weapons and advances in war weapons started to show, like Germany’s U-boats. Soon the US was in the war when they received notification that Germany had offered Mexico some of the United States territory in exchange for them joining into the war, over telegraph. The war ended with the Treaty of Versailles and lasted roughly 4 years and 3 months.
Why it’s Important- World War 1 is one of the most important events in our World’s history because it was the first time our world was put into one central war that shaped our planets countries and alliances. It was also the first war that planes were used on a large scale. Even though the war was an overall negative event it is such an important one to remember because of the outcome of what a war can create. The war split up Europe into many more countries such as modern day Czech Republic, Poland, and Iraq. It also led to the signing of the Treaty of Versailles that led to World War 2. Finally World War 1 was the first war that showed that the United States was also extremely powerful, which led to the hatred of Adolf Hitler and World War 2.
What is was- The Treaty of Versailles was a peace treaty signed at the end of World War 1 at the Paris Peace Conference. It was just one of several peace treaties creates at the conference, and usually gets most of the attention because it involves Germany. This treaty gave the World War ones guilt to Germany, it also gave the reparations to them, making them pay for what the war just demolished, bringing Germany’s economy go down. The Treaty of Versailles also limited Germany’s military to be limited to 100,000 men and were told they were no longer able to have such heavy artillery such as U-boats and battleships and airplanes to limit another German invasion. Germany was also stripped of territory in germany, and new country’s were made, such as poland, and on top of that germany lost its’ empires in Africa, the pacific, China, and many more. Finally, the treaty split the Austria-Hungarian Empire and created the League of Nations.
Why it’s Important- The Treaty of Versailles was an extremely important and influential event to both World Wars because of how much ransom they put onto Germany. Not only did this treaty make Germany accountable for the first World War, but it also limited what they were able to have for defense. Because of everything being taken away, Germany revolted and weren’t going to have. One reason this treaty is most remembered is because it led Germany to not only revolt, but come back and create the second World. Not only was this treaty the trigger to the next World War, but it gave hatred to all Germans, such as Adolf Hitler, to come back more powerful and wanting to win to a stronger degree.
What is was- The Holocaust was the state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi Germany, starting in 1933 when the Nazis, who came to power in Germany that January, believed that Germans were "racially superior" and that the Jews, deemed "inferior," were an alien threat to the German community. The “Holocaust” which can be translated to death by fire, was part of the “Final Solution”, another act the Nazi had came up with. Between two and three million Soviet prisoners of War were murdered or died of starvation, disease, neglect, or maltreatment. The leaders of Germany felt that they were a threat, and since numbers ranging from around nine million Jews in Europe, nearly every two in three Jews were taken and killed alongside of any disabled, homosexual, or any other person that didn’t meet their prescribed social norms. This lasted for 12 years and ended with the end of World War 2.
Why it’s Important- The Holocaust is one of the most cruel and racist events to ever occur on our planet, making it all the rememborable. The Holocaust not only weakened the Jewish population, but it also weakened anyone that the Germans saw that did not match their “perfect” individual standards. Overall, the Holocaust is just one example of how strong Hitler’s, the leader of Nazi Germany’s, power could be. This shows how dangerous dictatorship can be, and how it can brainwash anyone in their territory.
What is was- Just 22 short years after World War 1, Germany was at it again, ready to declare war again. Arguably, World War 2 began first when the Nazi invaded Poland in September 1939 or when Japan invaded Manchuria in 1931, or even when China invaded Japan in 1937. World War 2 is unique for the fact that it was mainly caused by Adolf Hitler, one of the most powerful dictators probably to ever live on the planet. Germany saw rapid remilitarisation once Hitler was put into power. The first part of war Germany used tanks, airplanes, and trucks, otherwise known as the “Blitz Tactic” to overpower central Europe, and next decided to aim for Great Britain. Meanwhile Europeans were also fighting each other in North Africa. In 1941 the Nazi’s invaded Russia, which esuaolted the war and soon 70 nations were involved. The war lasted 6 years and ended abruptly when the United States used an atomic bomb on Japan.
Why it’s Important- World War 2 is probably the most important event to ever occur in our world’s history. Since it was one of the most deadly and longest wars they always needed people, so many women were alone with their children back home. Many women couldn’t afford anything during the time since they didn’t work, and during World War 2 women began to work. The war is also extremely important because it was the deadliest and most powerful war to happen and ended with the deadliest bomb to ever go off, the atomic bomb.
What is was- Even before World War 2 broke out the some American scientists became concerned in Nazi Germany’s researching of nuclear weaponry. In 1940 the United States began its’ own funding on the atomic weapon development program. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers was tasked with leading the construction of the vast facilities necessary for the top-secret program, codenamed “The Manhattan Project.” Several years later, after Japan refused to surrender in World War 2, the United States chose it’s first victim for the atomic bomb, Hiroshima, on the morning of August 6th. With still no surrender on August 9th, they were at it again, this time with a more destructive atomic bomb at Nagasaki. August 15th, sure enough Japan surrendered from the US because of how destructive each bomb was
Why it’s Important- The Atomic Bomb brought WWII to a close. It’s use is said to have saved the lives of millions of soldiers by avoiding a prolonged offensive against Japan. It forever changed the face of warfare by how destructive it is. No one ever imagined it being able to blow a whole city off the map and blow it to pieces. The radiation from the bomb affected the Japanese for generations. The atomic bombs were responsible for the Cold War because the USSR felt threatened, therefor creating their own bomb, and starting the arms race. It allowed America to become the most powerful country, but that comes as a blessing as a curse, no one wants to mess with you, yet they all feel threatened.
What is was- On April 12th, 1961, Yuri Gagarin became the first person on the planet to ever enter space, and the first person also to orbit the Earth. During the time he entered, the Soviet Union and the United States were both part of the legendary “Space Race.” The US was first successful when Sputnik was the first satellite to enter orbit, but lost the race to enter space. Yuri Gagarin, riding upon Vostok 1, lifting off at 9:07 am Moscow time, and returning at 10:55 am, being in space for 108 minutes. Before he took off they programed the spaceship’s trip because they believed that he would go crazy once in space. Before takeoff Yuri also made a speech saying, “You must realize that it is hard to express my feeling now that the test for which we have been training long and passionately is at hand. I don't have to tell you what I felt when it was suggested that I should make this flight, the first in history. Was it joy? No, it was something more than that. Pride? No, it was not just pride. I felt great happiness. To be the first to enter the cosmos, to engage single handed in an unprecedented duel with nature - could anyone dream of anything greater than that? But immediately after that I thought of the tremendous responsibility I bore: to be the first to do what generations of people had dreamed of; to be the first to pave the way into space for mankind.
Why it’s Important- I believe that this event deserves to be one of the most important events in history because it was the first time a person witnessed what was actually there and that it was possible to do things that as a child were told to be impossible. Yuri Gagarin first orbiting the Earth led to bigger and better things that our ancestors would have never imagined, such as people actually landing on the moon. This event is extremely important not just politically, and scientifically, but personally because it was the first time we accomplished goals that led our planet to believe in themselves more and accomplish more and more.
What is was- On September 11th, 2001, 19 terrorist from the al-Qaeda group, lead by Osama bin Laden, hijacked four United States airplanes and crashed them into various important structures on the East Coast. The first buildings they crashed into were the Twin Towers, which were the United States World Trade Center, in New York. The buildings collapsed and thousands of peoples died, some instantly, some trapped beneath all of the fallen debris from the two buildings with 110 floors each. The next crash was at Pentagon, in Arlington, which is the military headquarters in the US, where 189 innocent people were killed. The fourth hijacked plane was taken over by the passengers when they knew what was going on, and landed in a field in Pennsylvania, sadly all 44 of the brave passengers died. It is thought, that if not taken over, the al-Qaeda group was going to crash this fourth plane into the capitol in Washington.
Why it’s Important- The events that all took place on September 11th, 2001, will be remembered deeply because of the outcome that the United States had. Al- Qaeda thought that we would have an extreme struggle after all the attacks, but in return we came back a stronger and unified country and would do whatever it takes to try to stop them from further attacking us, as well as any other country. In 2003 the United States sent thousands of troops to Afghanistan to try and find and stop them, and in 2013, found and killed Osama bin Laden.