African civilizations are colored red.... European civilizations are teal.... Middle Eastern civilizations are green.... Asian are blue.... South American are brown.... Southeastern Asia is black.... Indian are purple....Korean are pink... Japan is grey
Nile Valley Civilization
Approx. 3000 BC - 750 BC
in northern Africa, invented hieroglyphics, made accurate calendar, advances in math, science, and medicine
Indus Valley Civilization
Approx. 2500 BC - Approx. 1500 BC
in India, planned cities. sewer system. mysteriously disappeared
1650 BC - 1027 BC
in China, used chariots. polytheistic. used oracle bones. used ideographs.
1027 BC - 700 BC
in China, believed in Mandate of Heaven (that a ruler was granted the right to rule by heaven).
Kingdom of Kush
750 BC - 200 AD
in northern Africa. learned to make iron from Assyrians. Developed own alphabet.
509 BC - 44 BC
in Italy. was a republic where citizens elect officials to vote on laws
500 BC - 330 BC
improved trade. became prosperous.
321 BC - 232 BC
The first empire in India. Asoka brought it to its height. he was a warlord until he converted to Buddhism.
221 BC - 200 BC
united China. Built the Great Wall of China.
206 BC - 220 AD
in China. improved trade. created civil service system. invented seismograph (machine that measures earthquakes). advances in medicine. invented wheelbarrows, mill wheel, water clock, sundial. invented paper
27 BC - 173 AD
The golden age of the Roman Empire
27 BC - 476 AD
when Augustus Caesar became emperor he expanded the empire. united the lands around the Mediterranean. built roads.
85 AD - 1177 AD
In present day Cambodia. Hindu. built water systems to reduce flooding.
Kingdom of Axum
Approx. 100 AD - 940 AD
in Africa. conquered the Kush. traded spices, gems, and ivory. converted to Christianity.
Empire of Ghana
300 AD - 1200 AD
in Africa. strong gold trade. used iron.
300 AD - 900 AD
in South America. used hieroglyphics. studied astronomy. developed most accurate calendar at the time. understood concept of zero.
320 AD - 535 AD
in India. art, math, and literature flourished. understood concept of zero.
476 AD - 1453 AD
618 AD - 907 AD
in China. peace. trade increased.
661 AD - 750 AD
in the Middle East. discrimination against non-Arabs plagued the land.
668 AD - 918 AD
united Korea. first of 3 dynasties in Korea. trade flourished.
750 AD - 1258 AD
in the Middle East. united the Muslim world
800 AD - 1400 AD
in Europe. powerful lords were granted fiefs, or land by the king. these lords ruled the peasants that lived on the land. the black death weakened the Feudal system and it collapsed.
849 AD - 1287 AD
in southeast Asia. Buddhist. became a tributary state to china.
918 AD - 1392 AD
in Korea. second of three dynasties. introduced Chinese civil service system.
960 AD - 1279 AD
in China. peace. increased trade. built navy. used magnetic compass.
1192 AD - 1868 AD
in Japan. lead by the shogun, Japan was at a constant state of war as warriors tried to take the throne.
Empire of Mali
1230 AD - Approx. 1400 AD
in Africa. Islamic. built mosques. traded gold.
1279 AD - 1368 AD
in China. built roads. improved trade
1299 AD - 1923 AD
in the Middle East. captured Constantinople. lasted more than 500 years
Approx. 1300 AD - Approx. 1500 AD
in south Africa. center of gold trade. grew powerful. expert stone builders.
1368 AD - 1644 AD
in China. over through Mongol Empire. revived Confucian. built Forbidden City. began Chinese isolation.
1392 AD - 1910 AD
in Korea. last of three dynasties. Confucianism replaced Buddhism as system of ethics. Known as the "Hermit Kingdom" for its isolation.
1428 AD - 1521 AD
in South America. conquered many city-states and built elaborate temples.
1438 AD - 1533 AD
in South America. was a great empire.
Empire of Songhai
1464 AD - 1591 AD
in Africa. established Timbuktu.
1501 AD - 1736 AD
rival to the Ottoman Empire. in the Middle East. known for tolerance.
1526 AD - 1876 AD
In India. When Indian and Muslim cultures blended. Built Taj Mahal.
1644 AD - 1911 AD
Thai Dynasty (Thailand)
1782 AD - Approx. Present day
In Southeast Asia. The only country that didn't become a European colony.
1868 AD - 1931 AD
Japan came out of isolation and began to rapidly modernize. but, the Great Depression hit Japan hard and a group of military leaders took power.
1911 AD - 1949 AD
The Qing Dynasty collapsed and the Chinese Republic was founded but the government was weak and China was in disarray until 1928
1947 AD - Approx. Present day
After the military took power they began to expand to create an empire. but, after their loss in WWII, Douglas MacArthur took the power away from the military leaders and set up a democracy.
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
1948 AD - Approx. Present day
Korea split when communist and non-communist groups struggled for control of the government. The Democratic People's Republic of Korea was the northern communist country
Republic of Korea
1948 AD - Approx. Present day
Korea split when communist and non-communist groups struggled for control of the government. The Republic of Korea was the non-communists in the southern half of Korea
1949 AD - Approx. Present day
After years of being a colonel for Britain, India won its independence. It made a constitution and created the Indian parliament. But, rivalries between Islam and Hinduism have made peace difficult.
People's Republic of China
1949 AD - Approx. Present day
After the government was over thrown Mao set many reforms and regulations. But many of the reforms failed. After Mao's death, Xiaoping took power and made more reforms but they were more successful.
1975 AD - Approx. Present day
When the US withdrew from Vietnam, the communists in the north took over the south and united Vietnam but they still struggle economically.
Buddha starts teaching
Confucius starts teaching
Socrates starts teaching
Plato starts teaching
Alexander the Great begins his conquest
Asoka takes power
Jesus is born
Muhammad starts teaching
Mansa Musa takes power
Sunni Ali takes power
Akbar takes power
Ganghi begins teaching
First code of law
King Hammurabi developed the first code of law in Babylon
Julius Caesar is assassinated
Christianity becomes the official religion of Rome
1095 AD - 1099 AD
1147 AD - 1149 AD
1187 AD - 1192 AD
The Black Death spreads
Columbus discovers America
Approx. 1500 AD
The British sold opium to the Chinese and many Chinese people got addicted. so, to counter the British the Chinese destroyed ships carrying opium