Final Project-Timeline

By Matson Goodman and Tyler Cohen

Global

World War 1

1914 - 1919

World War 1 was the first war to affect almost every part of the world. This war was the first to include mass trench warfare, the concept of total war, and was a war that caused millions of deaths. It was caused by a rigid pair of global treaties that were bound to break at the slightest disturbance. It led to years of war, deaths, and internal struggles within the fighting countries. It also emerged the US as the frontrunner in military dominance and economic strength.

World War II

1938 - 1945

World War II initially began in East Asia when Japan invaded China. However Germany started the war because it was still bitter about how the WWI turned out and how much the Treaty of Versailles blamed them.It started in Europe when the police of appeasement for Adolf Hitler did not work and he chose to start conquering Europe. It was the Allies against the axis powers and because of the massive industrialization around the world the weaponry had greatly increased. America was brought into the war at the end of 1941 when Japan bombed Pearl Harbor. But we got the back and ended the war in 1945 by dropping to atom bombs on them! MURICA!

Cold War

Approx. 1946 - Approx. 1991

After WWII two superpowers emerged, the US and the Soviets, one communist and the other democratic. The two used other countries to fight for them because during the arms race both superpowers had accumulated an arsenal of nuclear weapons. The two were afraid of nuclear fallout which is why they had their allies fight for them. It was called a cold war because no real battle took place the countries had more of a standoff.

The Space Race

Approx. 1960 - Approx. 1970

During the Cold War the Soviet Union and The United States had a rivalry between their two space programs sparked by nationalism and the Soviets launching Sputnik to the moon in 1957. President JFK initiated this process and made it possible for Neil Armstrong to be the first person to set foot on the moon. This event is important because it shows the superiority of American technology at the time.

First Personal Computer

August 12, 1981

IBM introduced its first personal computer in 1981 at a price of $1,565 which was a huge drop in both size and price form a decade ago. With this invention people around the world were able to access the World Wide Web thus beginning the Age of Information.

Asia

Assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand

05/28/1914

Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria was murdered. Austria-Hungary, like many in countries around the world, blamed the Serbian government for the attack and hoped to use the incident as justification for settling the battle of Slav nationalism once and for all. As Russia supported Serbia, and Germany supported Austria-Hungary, World War 1 was kicked off.

Great Leap Forward

Approx. 1959 - Approx. 1962

Implemented by Mao Zedong, the goal of this plan was for huge communes to be created to catapult the revolution toward its goal of a true Marxist state. In reality however, the local governments that ran the communes couldn't produce ridiculously high high agricultural quotas demanded by the government. So the government lied about production which led to a famine that killed 30 million Chinese.

Collapse of the Soviet Union

1991

With the fall of the Berlin Wall and with it the fall of Communism in 1989 the strength of the Soviets greatly deteriorated. The policies of glasnost and perestroika implemented by Mikhail Gorbachev set in motion a wave of change that was irreversible in the Soviet Union. It collapsed in 1991 and its territories broke up into many independent countries. This event is important because it marks the end of the Cold War.

Europe

The Signing of the Triple Entente

08/31/1907

This signing ended British neutrality in Europe and set the sides out for WW1, against the triple Alliance (Germany, Austro-Hungary, Italy) with the signing of the Triple Entente a European conflict was inevitable

Bolshevik Revolution

October 1917

The Bolshevik revolution, also known as the October Revolution, put an end to the Romanov dynasty in Russia. It overthrew the provisional government that wanted to stay in World War I. Vladimir Lenin rose as the leader out of this revolution and he implemented Marxism and mobilized the support of the workers and soldiers.

Mussolini Launches Fascist Movement in Italy

1919

Mussolini's fascist movement advocated Italian nationalism, had black shirts for uniforms, and launched a program of terrorism and intimidation against its leftist opponents. Mussolini, aided by his brutal police organization, soon became the effective dictator of Italy.

The Reign of Adolf Hitler

01/30/1933 - 04/30/1945

The appointment of Adolf Hitler of chancellor of Germany led to the attempted takeover of Europe and to the eventual downfall of the country. He united the country through extreme nationalistic ideals and sought to benefit the country through the takeover of others. This included his establishment of the Holocaust and the leader of Germany during World War 1.
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Holocaust

1945

The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime.In the final months of the world war, guards moved camp inmates by train or on forced marches, often called “death marches,” in an attempt to prevent the Allied saving of large numbers of prisoners. "Holocaust" is a word of Greek origin meaning "sacrifice by fire."https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSE29wo7bwi1fmcDIgIpy4AtyGPDeyM7OVlzC5fauTxtgYe8KT6

Establishment of United Nations

03/21/1945

The "United Nations" was created by Franklin Roosevelt to describe the nations allied against the Axis powers—Germany, Italy, and Japan. It was created when representatives of 26 Allied nations met in Washington, D.C., and signed the Declaration by the United Nations.

Marshall Plan

Approx. 1948 - Approx. 1949

In an effort to rebuild and reshape shattered European economies, the Marshall plan was implemented. It funneled some $12 billion dollars into Europe which helped to rebuild the economies. The Marshall Plan was created out of a desire to prevent a future depression and required its recipients to cooperate with one another.This event is important because it was an early indication of the United States' intention to exercise global leadership.

European Union Established

November 1, 1993

The EU was formed to give the United States some economic competition by banding Europe together in a single market. The use of single currency, the euro, allowed easy exchange of goods. This event is important because the ease with which goods and ideas were transported across the world resulted in cultures becoming homogenous and integrated.

Americas

US Stock Market Crash

1929

When the US stock market crashed in 1929 the world began what was became known as the Great Depression. At the time the US production was outpacing consumption, which led to mass unemployment. Because other countries relied on, like the Caribbean for their one main export their economies also spiraled out of the control. All of this combined to start the Great Depression which was globalized by Europe's global empires.

Cuban Missile Crisis

Approx. 1962 - Approx. October 1962

The Soviet leader, Nikita Khruschev, secretly deployed nuclear tipped Soviet missiles to Cuba, believing that this would deter further U.S. action against Fidel Castro. This event is important because it was a crucial tipping point in the Cold War showing that no real war would begin because of nuclear fallout

9/11

September 11, 2001

On September 11,2001, Al Qaeda operatives managed to take control of four American passenger jets and fly two of them into the World Trade Center in New York City, one into the Pentagon in Washington D.C., and one into a filed in Pennsylvania. This event is important because it brought to light that the security around the world needed to be brought to a new standard.

Africa

African Independence

Approx. 1957 - Approx. 1975

After World War II ended the European empires began to fall apart and because of this collapse their colonies began to become independent. Another major reason why this started was because enlightenment ideals had begun to spread throughout the continent. This event is important because it brings Africa into its present state of instability.