Native American Discrimination

Main

Christopher Columbus sees natives for the first time

1492

Europeans call diseases that decimate natives "acts of God"

1600 - 1700

French have 152 Native American slaves

1752

First reservation

August 1758

20,000 Native American slaves in California

1820

Indian Office Agency created

1824

Trail of Tears

1838

Extermination of Buffalo

1850 - 1875

Buffalo diminished to crisis level

1870

General Custer announces discovery of gold in the Blackhills of Dakota

1874

War Dept. allows General Sheridan to take action against Sioux

February 7, 1876

Crazy Horse surrenders

May 6, 1877

Crazy Horses is killed

September 6, 1877

Court of Indian Offenses is created

1883

Oklahoma Land Rush

April 22, 1889

Relocation of Native Americans

1953

American Indian Movement forms

1968

American Indians occupy Alcatraz Island

1969

Trail of Broken Treaties

1972

Wounded Knee Occupation

1973

American Indian Religious Freedom Act

1978

Seminoles enter gaming industry

1979

Sioux are awarded $106 million, but refuse to take it

1980

Foxwoods Casino opens

1992

Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota is the poorest place in the country

1999

Court Cases

Johnson v. McIntosh

1823

Cherokee Nation v. Georgia

1831

Supreme Court rules that Native Americans are aliens and dependents by birth

November 3, 1883

Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock

1903

Trujillo v. Garley

1946

Santa Clara v. Martinez

1978

United States v. Wheeler

1978

Seminole Tribe v. Butterworth

1982

California v. Cabazon

1987

Wars

Pequot War

1636 - 1637

Creek War

1813 - 1814

Navajo War

1860 - 1864

Nez Perce War

1877

17,000 Native Americans fight in World War I

1917

25,000 Native Americans fight in World War II

1942

43,000 Native Americans fight in Vietnam War

1965 - 1973

Legislation

Delaware creates Scalp Act

April 8, 1756

Indian Trade and Intercourse Act

1790

Native Americans are not allowed to purchase alcohol

1802

Indian Removal Act

May 28, 1820

Law bans Native Americans from living in Florida

January 12, 1833

Indian Intercourse Act

1834

Homestead Act

1862

Mining Act of 1872

1872

U.S. orders all Sioux to move to Great Sioux Reservation by January 31

January 1876

Manypenny Agreement

September 6, 1877

Dawes Severalty Act

1887

J.D.C. Atkins of the Indian Affairs says only English will be used in schools

July 16, 1887

Indian Education Act

1891

Congress allows railroad companies to build on Native American land

March 2, 1899

Burke Act

1906

Antiquities Act

1906

Native American veterans are granted citizenship

1919

Indian Citizenship Act

1924

Indian Recognition Act

1934

Indian Claims Commission Act

1946

Indian Gaming Regulatory Act

1988

Attacks and Battles

3rd Colorado Calvary attacks Cheyenne and Arapaho village

November 29, 1864

144 Apaches were beaten to death by the Tucson Committee of Public Safety

April 30, 1871

Battle of Little Bighorn

June 25, 1876

Today's Problems

Health Issues

2000 - 2014

Poverty and lack of education

2000 - 2014

Bad conditions on the reservations

2000 - 2014

Relationship between tribes and government

2000 - 2014

Social Problems

2000 - 2014