Worldwide conflict between the The Allied Powers (Russia, France, Great Britain, Ireland) and the Central Powers (Germany, Austro-Hungarian Empire, Ottoman Empire) in which a system of faulty alliances caused many nations to choose sides.
Consisted of two main revolutions: February and October. The February Revolution forced the emperor to abdicate and a provisional government replaced it. The October Revolution removed the provisional government and put a communist government in its place.
Ended war between Germany and the Allied Powers. Germany also had to accept responsibility for the war and lost some of its territory.
Began with the stock market crash. Income, tax revenue, and international trade decreased. While this happened unemployment rose.
Japan blows up part of a Japanese owned railroad to frame China so they have a reason to conquer China. Later on fighting between China and Japan occurs in Shanghai.
Hitler becoming chancellor in 1933 making it easier to become dictator and lead to his dictatorship in 1934 after assassinating Kurt von Schleicher.
The genocide of approximately six million Jews. Was state sponsored by the Nazis Party led by Hitler. Major concentration camps included Auschwitz and Dachau. Soviets liberated Auschwitz and Americans liberated Dachau.
Began when Germany invaded Poland. Britain and France declared war against Germany two days later. The allies began a naval blockade of Germany shortly after which was met by U-boat warfare.
Successful German invasion of France. Germany ended up occupying Northern and Western France while Italy occupied Southeast France. The French government would only keep hold of a very minuscule portion of their original land until they were liberated in 1944.
Japanese airstrike against the United States' large naval fleet in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Led to the United States declaring war against Japan and eventually bombing them twice with nuclear warheads.
Largest amphibious invasion attempted ever. Fought on the coast of Normandy. Gave the Allied Powers a foothold on Western Europe that if they didn't get would have most likely led to a stalemate in Europe against the Nazis.
The Red Army invaded from the East, South, and North. Lead to a decisive victory for the Soviet Union. Hitler and other high ranking Nazi officials commit suicide.
After Pearl Harbor was attack by Japan the Manhattan Project tested nuclear weaponry. Hiroshima and Nagasaki were then bombed with nuclear warheads three days apart. Six days after Japan surrendered.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, established by United States, Great Britain, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark, Italy, Luxembourg, Norway, Iceland, Canada, and Portugal. The military alliance that was meant to defend against Soviet attack.
The most well known Cold War proxy war. The war was between North Vietnam (supported by communist powers) and South Vietnam (supported by mainly the United States and some anti-communist allies). The end of the war lead to the United States withdrawing its troops.
Campaign lead by Mao Zedong and the Communist Party of China in order to improve China economically and socially. The Great Leap Forward was more negative than positive, causing the Great Chinese Famine to occur.
The Soviet Union placed nuclear warheads in Cuba aimed at the United States. This was the closest point in which the Cold War almost turned into a nuclear war. The United States put up a naval blockade to be safe. Eventually Kennedy and Khrushchev made an agreement, end the missile crisis.
Protests began braking out a month earlier than November 9th. Half a million people gathered at the Alexanderplatz demonstration on November 4th. Finally, on November 9th East Germans were allowed to exit the East away from communism.
In April 27, 1994 apartheid was officially ended when Nelson Mandela was elected president. Nelson Mandela was the first black president of South Africa and there hasn't been another white president there since.
Replaced the European Currency Unit. Eighteen of the twenty-eight European Union countries have adopted the Euro.
Four terrorist attacks on New York City's World Trade Centers, the Pentagon, and a field in Pennsylvania by al-Qaeda. Al-Qaeda was lead by Osama bin Laden.