Educational Legislation


1. The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) 1965.


Emphasizes equal access to education and establishes high standards and accountability.

Education of the Handicapped Act (EHA) 1970


(PARC) Court Case 1971


That case also established the standard that each child must be offered an individualized education and that children should be placed in the least restrictive environment possible.

Mills v. D.C. BOE (Court Case) 1972


Mills vs. Board of Education of District of Columbia was a case against the District of Columbia that declared that students with disabilities must be given a public education, and that financial limits were a moot point in providing education to these students. It set a precedent that educational services must be made based on children's needs, not on the schools’ fiscal capabilities to provide such services.

Rehabilitation Act (1973)


The Rehabilitation Act prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in programs conducted by federal agencies, in programs receiving federal financial assistance, in federal employment, and in the employment practices of federal contractors.

4. Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EAHCA) 1975.


The Education for All Handicapped Children Act (sometimes referred to using the acronyms EAHCA or EHA, or Public Law (PL) 94-142) was enacted by the United States Congress in 1975. This act required all public schools accepting federal funds to provide equal access to education and one free meal a day for children with physical and mental disabilities.

EAHCA changes: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) (1990)


Was later then reformed in 1997. Further reformed in 2004 till present.

Americans with Disabilities Act (1990)


The ADA is a wide-ranging civil rights law that prohibits, under certain circumstances, discrimination based on disability.

5. No Child Left Behind Act 2001 (NCLB).


NCLB supports standards-based education reform based on the premise that setting high standards and establishing measurable goals can improve individual outcomes in education.

6. Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA) 2004.


United States federal law that governs how states and public agencies provide early intervention, special education, and related services to children with disabilities.

Education For all Handicapped Children Act (EAHCA) 1975

Amendment of the EHA

Part H (1986)


Preschool amendments To the Education of the Handicapped (1986)


Handicapped Children's Protection Act (1986)