Chiang Kai-shek controlled the major urban areas in China, while Mao Zedong and the CCP dominated the northeast of China (Manchuria), where a guerrilla resistance existed (thanks to which they will win the war)
This led to the struggle for power between the Guomindang and the Chinese Communist Party, which during this war were joined together in a bitter and uneasy alliance (more marked by suspicious and betrayal than cooperation)
Renminbi (RMB), People's Currency
Creation of the People's Republic of China by Mao Zedong and the CCP
October 1, 1949
PRC defined as a "democratic dictatorship".
On the other hand, Chiang Kai-shek established in Taiwan, the island will remain nationalist.
Agrarian Reform Law
Redistribution of land from landlords to peasants. It was a violent process in which landlords were denounced, beaten, and sometimes killed.
It gave men and women equal rights to enter into marriage.
It banned arranged marriages.
And it allowed either partner to ask for divorce.
Urban Economic Reform Law
It carried more problems to PRC leaders, because production had almost stopped, and drugs and prostitution were widespread.
First Five-Year Plan
1953 - 1957
Using the Soviet Union as a model.
Industrial output boost between 1953 and 1957.
The Hundred Flowers Campaign
A campaign of "criticism and self-criticism" to keep the revolution alive.
The CCP encouraged its citizens to openly express their opinions about the communist regime. After this brief period of liberization, Mao changed course...
Anti Rightist Campaign
against those who were critical of the regime and its ideology.
More than half of China's intellectuals lost their jobs, and were sent to jail or to the countryside for re-education.
The Great Leap Forward
1958 - 1961
Economic and social campaign that aimed to transform the country from an agrarian economy into a communist society through rapid industrialization and collectivization (communes).
Private farming was prohibited, and those engaged to it were labelled as counter revolutionaries and persecuted.
This campaign caused the Great Chinese Famine (because forecasts of grain were exagerated, so the farming families kept little)
Little Red Book
Lin Biao ordered everyone in the armed forces to read it.
Schools and Universities shut down
The Cultural Revolution
1966 - 1977
Mao wanted to re-establish his authority, to revitalize the youth, and to combat old Customs, old Culture, old Habits, and old Thinking (the "Four Olds")
Red Guards violence
Ten appearences on Tiananmen Squeare of Mao and Lin Biao.
to address the Red Guards and encourage them to undo China's "Four Olds"
Massive earthquake shook Hebei Province
July 28, 1976
Many saw the disaster as a signal that Mao had lost the Mandate of Heaven
Mao Zedong dies
September 9, 1976
The "Gang of Four" was arrested so END OF THE CULTURAL REVOLUTION