Great American Struggles

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Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

The Stamp Act was passed by the British government after the Seven Years' War, when the British were deep in debt. The citizens of the American Colonies formed mobs and treated collectors bad. The act was repealed in 1766.

The Boston Massacre

March 5, 1770

American Colonial citizens gathered to harass a British officer in Boston. Backup arrived and one officer fired. Other officers started to fire, and three people were killed on the spot. Two died later of wounds from the shooting. The British officer in charge was arrested, along with eight of his men. They were all later acquitted.

The Boston Tea Party

December 16, 1773

The citizens of the American Colonial colonies wanted to protest the taxes imposed on them by the British government. A man by the name of Samuel Adams led the event we know as The Boston Tea Party. He and his "Sons of Liberty" boarded British ships and threw tea overboard.

The American Revolution

1775 - 1783

The citizens of the British Colonies were growing tstarted to revolt. A conflict in Lexington and Concord kicked off the war. ired of the way Britain was ruling them, so they The Americans got help from the French in 1779, which helped them win their independence.

The Siege of Boston

April 1775 - March 1776

Early on in the siege it was Colonial militiamen fighting the British, but they were defeated. George Washington later arrived in Boston and took charge of the forces. He called them the Continental Army. The British realized they would be defeated if they did not retreat, so they did.

The Battle of Lexington and Concord

April 19, 1775

With tensions rising between the American colonies and the British government, war was inevitable. The Americans decided to try and attack the British at Lexington and Concord, where the British were trying to seize control of an arms cache. The Americans drove off the British and took control of the arms.

Battle for Fort Ticonderoga

May 10, 1775

Ethan Allen and his troops, the Green Mountain Boys, surprised and captured the British soldiers at Fort Ticonderoga. This was the first American victory in the war.

Battle of Bunker Hill

June 16, 1775 - June 17, 1775

The British defeated the Americans early in the war. Even though the Americans lost, the battle still boosted the morale of the Colonial Army troops because they inflicted heavy losses on the British.

Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge

February 27, 1776

The Americans defeat the British and push the British out of North Carolina. This victory also kept American spirits high and kept the Americans willing to fight.

Battle of Saratoga

September 19, 1777 - October 7, 1777

British General John Burgoyne achieved a costly victory over American troops. He later decided to attack the Americans again on October 7, but was defeated. The American victory showed their might and got the support of the French for America.

The Battle of Saratoga

September 19, 1777 - October 7, 1777

British general John Burgoyne achieved a victory over American forces on September 19, 1777. He later tried to fight the Americans on October 7th, but was defeated. This caused the French to recognize the might of the American resistance and aid the Americans in their struggle for independence.

Battle of Camden

August 16, 1780

American General Horatio Gates decided to make an offensive towards the British army although a lot of his troops were affected by dysentery. The British defeated the Americans easily, and Horatio Gates was removed from his position.

Battle of Cowpens

January 17, 1781

Brigadier General Daniel Morgan commanded American forces and inflicted heavy casualties on the British. The battle helped turn the tide of the war in favor of the Americans.

The Siege on Yorktown

September 1781 - October 17, 1781

American forces crushed the British forces. This battle signified the end of the American Revolution and America was now free of Britain.

The American Civil War

April 12, 1861 - April 9, 1865

The Civil War was fought between the Northern states(the Union) and the Southern states(the Confederacy). It was a year that lasted four years. The war was fought because the Union wanted to abolish slavery, while the Confederacy wanted slavery to remain.

First Battle of Bull Run

July 21, 1861

General McDowell's forces attacked the Confederate forces commanded by General Joseph E. Johnston. Johnston's forces broke the Union line and advanced towards Washington. Civilians who had been watching this battle were now fleeing along with the Union soldiers who had been unprepared for the fighting.

Second Battle of Bull Run

August 29, 1862 - August 30, 1862

Troops commanded by General Pope of the Union army tried to take out the large Confederate force located there. The second day of the battle, Lee sent the rest of his troops and overwhelmed Pope's forces, forcing the Union to withdraw from the battle.

Battle of Stones River

December 31, 1862 - January 2, 1863

A battle in the Civil War, fought in Murfreesboro, Tennessee. One of the bloodiest battles fought in the war with over 23,000. The generals involved were General Braggs (Confederate), and General William Rosecrans.

Chamberlain's Forces Defend Little Round Top

July 2, 1863

General Lee decides to charge Little Round Top in an attempt to wipe out the enemy. General Chamberlain's forces are almost out of ammunition, so when the confederate forces start charging the hill they fire their last rounds of ammunition. After they're out of ammunition, General Chamberlain stands on the wall and gives the fix bayonets command. They then charge the confederate forces and surprise them. The Union wins the day and Little Round Top is secure.

The Gettysburg Address

November 19, 1863

President Abraham Lincoln gave a speech on how he thought the Union would win and the union created in 1776 by the founding fathers. He said the Civil War was the ultimate test on whether this Union would survive or not. He told the soldiers of the Union that it was up to them to see to it that it survives.

Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

May 1, 1864 - May 21, 1864

A battle fought during the American Civil War. This battle lasted for over two weeks. General Grant's troops broke through Confederate lines, but 18,000 Union troops were lost in the process. 11,000 Confederate losses were counted.

Atlanta Campaign

May 1864 - December 21, 1864

General William Tecumseh Sherman was ordered by General Grant to lead his troops into Georgia and take Atlanta. He ordered Atlanta's resource deposits to be burned, but the fire got out of control and Atlanta turned to ashes. Sherman's forces decided to march to Savannah, and when they got there the Confederate forces had abandoned the city. When they left they burned their way through the Carolinas.

Petersburg Campaign

June 1864 - March 1865

General Grant's Union forces and General Lee's Confederate forces fought a series of battles that lasted about 9 months. Union forces slowly broke the confederate line into Richmond, the Confederate capitol, and General Lee was forced to retreat.

Battle of Nashville

December 15, 1864 - December 16, 1864

Union forces commanded by General George Thomas nearly destroy Nashville when they storm over the trenches and attempt to take the city. Their attempt was successful, and Nashville belonged to the Union.

Appomatox Court House

April 9, 1865

General Robert E. Lee surrenders the rest of his troops to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomatox Court House. This signifies the end of the American Civil War.