Peace negotiations started in Oslo 1993 in secret and alongside American negotiations. In Oslo they reached an agreement --> DOP = a joint Israeli-Palestinian Declaration of Principles (DOP), (based on the agreement worked out in Oslo, was signed by the two parties in Washington.) There would be an interim period of 5 years before the agreement would be binding.
- to transfer power to the Palestinians (transfer of power and responsibilities to the Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza, so they may have control over their own affairs) - Israel retain the responsibility for security along the international borders and the crossing point to Egypt and Jordan during the interim period.
Self-rule in the Gaza Strip and the Jericho area, including a withdrawal of Israeli forces from those areas, is to serve as a first step in the implementation of the DOP. Then governmental responsibilities will gradually be transferred over to Palestinians and there will be an election. Palestine will be a state on its own.
After five years when the above agreement have been carried out the final settlements will be agreed upon and this will determine the issues the declaration of principals have been silent on: the including Jerusalem, refugees, settlements, security arrangements, borders, relations and cooperation with other neighbours
In short: the declaration promised to set in motion a process that would end Israeli rule over the two million Palestinians living in the west bank and Gaza. "It is easy to understand why the Oslo accord was silent on the issues mentioned above, because if they weren't there would have been no accord."
Robin and Arafat were the two main representatives who signed the accord. An agreement was reached between Israeli foreign minister Peres and Arafat (PLO chairman) and then sent to the Israeli Prime minister Rabin who signed it with Arafat.