Great American Achievements by Women

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Hadassah organized

1912

Hadassah is the Women's Zionist Organization of America. They are a volunteer organization for American Jewish Women. It was founded by Henrietta Szold. It has one of the largest international Jewish organization with around 3330,000 members worldwide. Their members include, Members, Life Members, Child Life Members and Associates, who are male members.

NWP

1913

Also known as the National Woman's Party, they were a women's organization instituted by Alice Paul and Lucky Burns. They were women who fought for women's rights during the beginning of the 20th century. They're main priority was passage of a amendment promising women's suffrage. After that passed, they then focused on the passage of the ERA.

Jeannette Rankin elected to Congress

1916

Jeannette Pickering Rankin was the first woman in the United States Congress. She was chosen in Montana in 1916 and again in 1940. She was one of fifty members who were against going into WWI. She was the only member of Congress who was against declaring war on Japan after the attack on Pearl Harbor. One of her famous quotes are "You can no more win a war than you can win an earthquake".

19th Amendment ratified

1920

The 19th Amendment bans any United States citizen from being denied the right to vote on the basis of sex. Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton composed the amendment and first introduced it in 1878. Forty-one years later, in 1919, Congress proposed the amendment to the states for ratification. A famous quote about the 19th Amendment is "Oh, if I could but live another century and see the fruition of all the work for women! There is so much yet to be done", by Susan B. Anthony.

Women's Bureau of Dept. of Labor formed

1920

They are know as WB. They are an organization within the United States Department of Labor. They create standards and contracts to improve working conditions . They are the only federal agency decreed to represent the needs of wage-earning women in the public policy process.

League of Women Voters founded

1920

They are an American civic organization. They were created to help women take a biger role in public affairs as they won the right to vote. A famous quote by Kathryn Lasky, "My mother was a great advocate of women's rights, a member of the League of Women's Voters and lifelong member of Planned Parenthood and an advocate of a woman's rights in terms of reproductive issues. She was also a founding member of Common Cause in the state of Indiana."

American Birth Control League founded

1921

Margaret Sanger was the woman who founded ABCL. The idea was conceived at the First American Birth Control Conference in New York City. The organization endorses the founding of birth control clinics, mainly for the Black and Latino population. It also encourages women to monitor their own fertility. A famous quote of Margaret Sanger is “Woman must not accept; she must challenge. She must not be awed by that which has been built up around her; she must reverence that woman in her which struggles for expression.”

Triangle Shirtwaist fire

1922

The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire happened in Manhattan, New York City. To this date, it is still know as one of the deadliest industrial disasters in the record of the city. The owners have locked the doors to the stairwells and exits to prevent pilferage and unauthorized breaks. A fire had broken out on March 25, 1911, trapping most some of the women due to the fire escapes being blocked. The fire had lead to legislation requiring changes to be made in safety standards. 123 women died that day, and 23 men.

Nellie Tayloe Ross inaugurated

1925

Nellie Tayloe Ross wan an American politician, the 14th governor of Wyoming, and the director of the United States Mint. She was the very first women selected to be a governor of a U.S. state. To this very day, she still remains to be the only female governor of Wyoming. She was also a loyal supporter of the Prohibition during the 1920’s.

Gertrude Ederle swims English Channel

1926

Gertrude Caroline Ederle was an American competition swimmer, Olympic champion, and the former world record-holder. She was the first woman to swim the English Channel in 1926. The press nicknamed her “Queen of the Waves”. She was also a part of the Women’s Swimming Association.

Amelia Earhart makes first transcontinental nonstop

1932

Amelia Mary Earhart was an American aviation innovator and author. She was the first female to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. She received the U.S.Distinguished Flying Cross for this setting this record. During her circumnavigational flight of the globe in 1937, she disappeared while flying over the Pacific Ocean. A famous quote by Amelia Earhart is “Women, like men, should try to do the impossible. And when they fail, their failure should be a challenge to others”.

Frances Perkins is sworn in as Secretary of Labor

1933

She was the first woman assigned to the U.S. Cabinet. She was a great friend of Franklin D. Roosevelt. With being really close with Franklin D. Roosevelt, this could pull the labor movement into the New Deal coalition.

Millions of women enter work force

1941 - 1945

During WWII, the men left for war, which left the women and children at home. Women had many important roles during WWII. During the war, there were more than 2.2 million women working in the war industry, farming, and building the equipment that men would use to fight the war. There were also women who joined as nurses to help out in the front lines. There were also defensive militias that women joined to defend the homeland.

WAVES

1942

WAVES stand for "Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service". It was a division of U.S. Navy, that consisted entirely of women. Women were brought into the military for only one reason, and that reason was due to the unusual state of affairs with WWII. At the end of the war, women in WAVES were not allowed to continue in Navy careers.

Jacqueline Cochran

1948

Jacqueline Cochran was a forerunner in the field of American aviation. She is regarded as one of the most gifted racing pilots of her generation. She was an imperative contributor to the formation of the wartime Women's Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC) and Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASP). A famous quote from her would be "I might have been born in a hovel but I am determined to travel with the wind and the stars."

Rosa Parks arrested in Montgomery, Alabama

1955

Rosa Parks, a young African-American woman was arrested for not giving up her seat to a white male on a public city bus. According to a Montgomery city ordinance law, African-Americans were required to sit at the back of public buses. If a white rider would happen to tell them to move because the front of the bus was filled up, they would then have to oblige thus giving their seat up. Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white male, thus making the bus driver inform the authorities to have her removed and taken to jail . Afterwords, the successful Montgomery Bus Boycott was organized by a Baptist Minister named, Martin Luther King Jr.

Enovid was on the market

1960 - 1988

Enovid is also known as Mestranol/norethynod. Enovid was the first fused oral contraceptive pill. It was sold as Enovid in the United Kingdom, and Enavid in the Untied States. It was first approved by the US Food and Drug Administration to be used for menstrual disorders. They later approved it for use as a contraceptive. In 1988, it was discontinued in the United States.

Betty Friedan's book, Feminine Mystique

1963

In 1963, Betty Friedan wrote a book called Feminine Mystique, which supported women's rights. Friedan was asked by one of her classmates in 1957, to conduct a survey of her former classmates from Smith College. The reason for this survey was for their 15th anniversary reunion. When the results came back, she found that many of them were unhappy with their lives as housewives. Friedan thus wrote a book after having interviews with dozens of housewives. She was originally going to publish this as a magazine article, but couldn't because no one would accept her work.

Equal Pay Act passed by Congress

1963

The Equal Pay Act is an United States federal law revising the Fair Labor Standard Act aimed at eradicating wage disparity based on sex. As part of his New Frontier Program, President John F. Kennedy was the one to set this act into action. Congress states that sex discrimination depresses wages, prevents the max amount of people working, causes labor disputes, sets up an unfair method of competition, and burdens commerce. "Enable every woman who can work to take her place on the labour front, under the principle of equal pay for equal work" is a famous quote by Mao Zedong.

Civil Rights Act

1964

The Civil Rights act was passed in 1964. This act forbade discrimination on the basis of sex as well as race in hiring, promoting, and firing. A famous quote about the Civil Rights act are "I favor the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and it must be enforced at gunpoint if necessary." This was said by President Ronald Reagan himself.

National Organization for Women organized

1966

Otherwise known as NOW, the National Organization for Women was created in 1966. NOW is an American feminist organization created to promote equal rights for women. NOW is such a big organization that each state had their own board meetings and websites. It was originally established by a small group of feminist who were dedicated to actively challenging sex discrimination in all areas of American society, but mostly in employment. The organization is composed of both men and women although it's purpose is to better the lives of women.

Shirley Chisholm is elected to House

1968

Shirley Chisholm is a pioneering African-American politician. In 1968 she became the first African-American congress woman. Four years after that, she became the first major-party black candidate to make a bid for the U.S. presidency. One of her famous quotes are "You don't make progress by standing on the sidelines, whimpering and complaining. You make progress by implementing ideas."

Title IX of the Education Amendments

1972

President Richard Nixon signed Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, into law. Title IX is a comprehensive federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any federally funded program or activity. The objective is to avoid use of federal money to support sex discrimination in education programs and to provide individual citizens’ effective protection against those practices. In addition to traditional educational institutions such as colleges, universities, and elementary and secondary schools, Title IX is also to be applied for any education or training program operated by a recipient of federal financial assistance.

Roe v. Wade

1973

Jane Roe was a pregnant mother who wished to obtain an abortion, but was denied due to a law that prohibited mothers from having abortions unless it was used to save a mother’s life. Jane Roe thus filed a lawsuit saying that the law violated the constitution. After many days, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of Jane. After the case ended, many thought that Jane had cause an uproar that was unnecessary. Many also thought that Jane has brought women home a great success.

Sandra Day O'Connor seated on the U.S. Supreme Court

1981

Sandra Day O'Conner was the first women to sit on the United States Supreme Court. She was elected by Ronald Reagan to replace retiring justice member, Potter Stewart. Throughout her career, O’Conner has faced many situations where she was denied a job only for the fact that she was a woman. Many of the legal companies where unsure about hiring O’Conner because they were uncertain of how she would fare in the job. After searching and searching, she finally made it as a law secretary, and from there worked her way up into the position that she used to carry as a United States Justice.