Ceramic History

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First Known Pottery

12,000 BC

The first known pottery was found in Nasunahara, Japan. It was used by hunters and gatherers in Japan. The pottery was made out of coils.

Pottery Discovered in Africa

7000 BC

The pottery in Africa was used by groups of hunters and fisherman along the Nile Valley. The designs on the pots were made by dragging fish bones across the clay.

Burnished Pottery In The Nile Valley

5000 BC

Burnished pottery was made by the Badarian people of the Niley Valley. They had a very smoothed, polished surface. They were all red with black rims because the rim was buried in sand when being fired.

Earliest Pottery in Europe

5000 BC

The earliest pottery of central Europe was found. It was known as Bandkeramik. It was designed with lines, unfilled dots, and cross-hatching.

Cylinder Seal Replaces Stamps

3400 BC

Bureaucrats of the Nile Valley invented a cylinder seal to replace stamps on tablets. It was also used for official decorations.

Earliest Potter Wheel Being Used

3000 BC

The Chinese started using the Potter's Wheel somewhere very close to this time. It was used to make pottery faster and easier.

Pottery Beakers in England

2400 BC

Pottery beakers were being used in Cambridgeshire, England. These beakers were used for mead or honey sweetened brew.

Porcelain Ceramics Were Created

600

Porcelain was created by the Chinese. It was made by firing clay along with feldspar and quartz. Porcelain now is used in a lot of things such as dinnerware or even electrical insulators.

Ceremonial Items In Korea

750

Pots found in Korea were being used for ceremonial purposes. They were glazed and had very indigenous styles.

Moche Cultures Model Clay Sculptures

800

The Native American group, the Moche, were known for the clay pieces with red lines on a beige background.

Sinagua Bowls

1075

Sinagua bowls were being made in Arizona, U.S.. The pots had designs of humans and geometric designs.

Soft-Paste Porcelain Made In France

1680

In Rouen, France soft-paste porcelain was made to try to imitate Chinese porcelain.

Josiah Wedgwood Perfects Transfer-Printing

1750

Josiah Wedgwood, from England, is credited with perfecting transfer-printing. This is where an engraved copper or steel plate is used to decorate a ceramic piece.

Luster Glaze Technique Developed

1930

Beatrice Wood from California developed a luster glaze technique. It is a super shiny glaze, almost like metallic.

Flattened Coil Technique

1940

Elizabeth Fritsch, a British studio artist, broke away from the traditional methods and started using a flattened coil technique, painted in unusual matte colors.