The Baroque Era

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Beginning of Baroque Era

1600

"Hamlet" is written by William Shakespeare

1600

The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark is a tragic play written by famous William Shakespeare, English poet, playwright and actor, at an undetermined date somewhere between 1599 and 1602.

Don Quixote is written by Miguel Cervantes

1605

Don Quixote, a book by Spanish novelist, poet, and playwright, Miguel Cervantes, was originally titled "El ingenioso hidalgo don Quijote de la Mancha" which translates to "The Ingenious Gentleman Don Quixote of La Mancha"

Jamestown founded in Virginia

May 13, 1607

Jamestown was a settlement in the Colony of Virginia, the first permanent English settlement in the Americas. It was founded in 1607

Galileo confirms that Earth revolves around the sun

1610

Italian scientist and scholar Galileo made pioneering observations that laid the foundation for modern physics and astronomy. One thing he did during his lifetime was confirming the fact that the Earth revolves around the Sun and not the other way around which was originally proposed by Nicolaus Copernicus, Polish mathematician and astronomer.

The King James Version of the Bible is written and published.

1611

The King James Version, commonly known as the Authorized Version or King James Bible, is an English translation of the Christian Bible for the Church of England begun in 1604, by order of King James I of England, and completed in 1611.

Louis XIV reigns in France

1643 - 1715

Louis XIV, known as Louis the Great or the Sun King, was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1643 until his death. His reign of 72 years and 110 days is the longest of any monarch of a major country in European history.

"Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica" is published by Sir Isaac Newton

July 5, 1687

Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, Latin for "Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy", often referred to as simply the Principia, is a work in three books by Sir Isaac Newton, in Latin, first published 5 July 1687.

Salem Witch Trials

1692

Between the months of June to September, 1692, at least 19 men and women were arrested for witchcraft, and were hung near Salem village by the largely Puritan public.

Louis XV begins reign in France

1715

Louis XV was king of France from 1715 to 1774. He is best known for contributing to the decline of royal authority that led to the French Revolution in 1789.

Robinson Crusoe is written by Daniel Defoe

April 25, 1719

"Robinson Crusoe", a book about a shipwrecked sailor who spends 28 years on a deserted island, is based on the experiences of shipwreck victims and of Alexander Selkirk, a Scottish sailor who spent four years on a small island off the coast of South America in the early 1700s.

Gulliver’s Travels is written by Jonathan Swift

1726

Gulliver’s Travels, written by Irish writer and clergyman Jonathan Swift, was originally titled "Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World. In Four Parts. By Lemuel Gulliver, First a Surgeon, and then a Captain of Several Ships" although it is better known simply as "Gulliver's Travels"