Mayas, Incas, and Aztecs

Mayas

Maya tribe forms

2000 BCE

Mayas start to practice village agriculture

1000 BCE

Crops: Potatoes, squash, corn

Mayas build community centers

200 BCE

Develop concept of zero

36 BCE

Maya Classic Period

250 - 900

"Pinnacle"

250 - 290

Maya Temple built at Palenque

683

Tikal built

700

Mayas abandon their cities

800 - 925

Lost faith in their rulers because the crops died. They tried human sacrifice, but that did nothing

Incas

Inca civilization rises in Peru

1100

Cusco region settled by Incas

1150

Incas maintain tribal boundary on Cusco, not looking to expand

1200 - 1400

Cusco founded by Incas

1250

Pachacuti

1438 - 1463

Inca Yupanqui leads a defense of city, takes control, becomes known as Pachacuti. He expands Inca territory and reorganizes government

Machu Piccu Built

1438 - 1463

Tupac Inca becomes king

1471

Pushes south into Chile, Bolivia, and Argentina

Huaya Capuc becomes king

1493

Further expands Inca Empire

Francisco Pizzaro captures Inca king

1532

Ending of the empire (when they lost control)

Aztecs

Aztecs found the city of Tenochtitlan

1325

Aztec religious system emphasized and codified human sacrifice into moral code

1398

Transition Period

1425

Developed military
Formed alliances through marriage and trade
Grew capitol city

Triple Alliance

1428

Between city states in Meso-America under one political framework - Aztec rule

Montezuma II born

1463

Ahuzotl sacrifices tens of thousands

1487

Reign of Montezuma II

1502 - 1520

Spaniards arrive in Aztec territory

1519

Montezuma dies

1520

Stoned by his own people for telling them to stop resisting to the Spaniards

Tenochtitlan falls to Spaniards

1521

Rule

Maya

2000 BCE - 925

Inca

1100 - 1532

Aztec

1325 - 1521