Kodak Brownie box roll-film camera introduced. Alfred Stieglitz organizes "Photo Secessionist" show in New York City. Availability of panchromatic black and white film and therefore high quality color separation color photography. J.P. Morgan finances Edward Curtis to document the traditional culture of the North American Indian. First commercial color film, the Autochrome plates, manufactured by Lumiere brothers in France. Lewis Hine hired by US National Child Labor Committee to photograph children working mills. Oscar Barnack, employed by German microscope manufacturer Leitz, develops camera using the modern 24x36mm frame and sprocketed 35mm movie film. Nippon Kogaku K.K., which will eventually become Nikon, established in Tokyo. Man Ray begins making photograms ("rayographs") by placing objects on photographic paper and exposing the shadow cast by a distant light bulb; Eugegrave;ne Atget, aged 64, assigned to photograph the brothels of Paris. Leitz markets a derivative of Barnack's camera commercially as the "Leica", the first high quality 35mm camera. André Kertész moves from his native Hungary to Paris, where he begins an 11-year project photographing street life. Albert Renger-Patzsch publishes The World is Beautiful, close-ups emphasizing the form of natural and man-made objects; Rollei introduces the Rolleiflex twin-lens reflex producing a 6x6 cm image on rollfilm.; Karl Blossfeldt publishes Art Forms in Nature. Development of strobe photography by Harold ("Doc") Edgerton at MIT. Inception of Technicolor for movies, where three black and white negatives were made in the same camera under different filters; Ansel Adams, Imogen Cunningham, Willard Van Dyke, Edward Weston, et al, form Group f/64 dedicated to "straight photographic thought and production".; Henri Cartier-Bresson buys a Leica and begins a 60-year career photographing people; On March 14, George Eastman, aged 77, writes suicide note--"My work is done. Why wait?"--and shoots himself. Brassaï publishes Paris de nuit. Fuji Photo Film founded. By 1938, Fuji is making cameras and lenses in addition to film. Farm Security Administration hires Roy Stryker to run a historical section. Stryker would hire Walker Evans, Dorothea Lange, Arthur Rothstein, et al. to photograph rural hardships over the next six years. Roman Vishniac begins his project of the soon-to-be-killed-by-their-neighbors Jews of Central and Eastern Europe. Development of Kodachrome, the first color multi-layered color film; development of Exakta, pioneering 35mm single-lens reflex (SLR) camera. Development of multi-layer color negative films. Margaret Bourke-White, Robert Capa, Carl Mydans, and W. Eugene Smith cover the war for LIFE magazine. Henri Cartier-Bresson, Robert Capa, and David Seymour start the photographer-owned Magnum picture agency. Hasselblad in Sweden offers its first medium-format SLR for commercial sale; Pentax in Japan introduces the automatic diaphragm; Polaroid sells instant black and white film. East German Zeiss develops the Contax S, first SLR with an unreversed image in a pentaprism viewfinder.