He described vision from the ARCHANGEL GABRIEL (the angle) who develiered the word ALLAH. The revelation he recited became the basis of Islam found in the book QUR'AN.
Muhammad believed in the reserection of the physical body in the afterlife and an evetual Last Judgement.
PILLARS OF FAITH:
1. profession of the creed (only god is Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet)
2. prayer five times a day called by a MUEZZIN, or reciter
3.almsgiving, or ZAKAT
4. fasting during the holy month of RAMADAN
5. a pilgrimage to MECCA (hajj)
Muslims view Christinity and Jews as part of Islam and they are worshipping the same god. Christinity prophets like Moses, Jesus and Abraham are prophets of Islam. With the last prophet Muhammad, the true religion is revealed.
HADITH and QUR'AN are two books about Muhammad and they formed the ethical basis of Islamic law, which is codified in SHARIA (伊斯兰教教法）
Islam instructed gender equality.
Muslims also should lead a holy life and spread the Islamic faith (JIHAD--护教运动). Jidah is waded by four means-- the heart, the tongue, the hand and the sword.Through Jidah,denfeners of faith assured paradise. The spread of Islam provided a unifying culture elements and language since QUR'AN and HADITH are both written in Arab.
Sufism- a mystic Islamic movement that developed in Banghdad. They taught salvation through fasting, praying, and meditation. This movement spread Islam to Africa, India and Southeast Asia.
伊斯兰教成教的初始很少人信，Umayyad部落更是因为他们害怕伊斯兰教会改过他们原先的宗教从而影响朝圣的利益。穆罕默德所以开始游历，HEGIRA (穆罕默德从麦加逃亡）。 他的教徒开始增多，而且伊斯兰教将阿拉伯地图的人都团结在一起。
穆罕默德死后伊斯兰教以继承者（caliph)的问题开始分派，Sunnis 的人觉得继承者必须为社会认可的人所以推举ABU BAKR, 穆罕默德的好朋友和政治追随者。Shi'ites的人认为及程序要为穆罕默德的亲戚所以推举Ali, 默罕默德的女婿。Sunnis 觉得政治和军事力量是首领的责任，而宗教精神则由学者（Ulema)推敲上帝的话所得. Shi'ites 觉得宗教领袖（Imam）是上帝的使者，因此应为政治领导。后来Sunnis胜过Shi'ites，Shi'ites现今在Persia（伊朗，伊拉克）一带活跃，而Sunnis在剩余的地方活跃。