President Truman issues an executive order outlawing segregation in the U.S. military.
The Supreme Court declares school segregation unconstitutional in its ruling on Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas.
Rosa Parks is jailed for refusing to move to the back of a Montgomery, Alabama, bus. A boycott follows, and the bus segregation ordinance is declared unconstitutional.
First Arkansas school to integrate, Arkansas Gov. Orval Faubus uses the National Guard to block nine black students from attending Little Rock High School. Following a court order, President Eisenhower sends in federal troops to allow the black students to enter the school.
Four black college students begin sit-ins at the lunch counter of a Greensboro, North Carolina, restaurant where black patrons are not served.
Freedom Rides begin from Washington, D.C., into Southern states. Student volunteers are bused in to test new laws prohibiting segregation.
The Supreme Court rules that segregation is unconstitutional in all transportation facilities.
The Department of Defense orders complete integration of military reserve units, excluding the National Guard.
JFK killed in Dallas, texas
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his "I Have a Dream" speech to hundreds of thousands at the March on Washington, D.C.
Congress passes the Civil Rights Act, declaring discrimination based on race illegal.
Three civil rights workers, two white and one black man, disappear in Mississippi. They were found dead and tortured six weeks later.
A new Voting Rights Act, which made it illegal to force would-be voters to pass literacy tests in order to vote, is signed.
Malcolm X is assassinated. Malcolm X, a longtime minister of the Nation of Islam, had rejected Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s policies of non-violence. He preached black pride and economic self-reliance for blacks. He eventually became a Muslim and broke with Nation of Islam leader Elijah Muhammad.
Thurgood Marshall becomes the first black to be named to the Supreme Court.
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. James Earl Ray pleaded guilty of the crime in March 1969 and was sentenced to 99 years in prison.
President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1968, which prohibits discrimination in the sale, rental, and financing of housing.
The Supreme Court rules, in a well-known reverse discrimination case (Bakke), that medical school admission programs that allow for positions based on race are unconstitutional.
Mccarthy used the peoples fear of comunism to accuse many people of being spies- many accused of treason and executed. He was censored in 1954
North Korea invades South Korea by crossing the 38th parallel. The Korean War begins.
Korean War ends with the set up of a DMZ to separate the two new countries.
Warsaw Pact, a pact of the USSR and its satellite nations, created.
the government sent aid to latin american countries to prevent the spread of communism
Bay of pigs invasion is launched, fails in 3 days
Berlin wall is built overnight in order to separate East and West Germany.
the Soviet Union put multiple nuclear missiles in Cuba. The confrontation ended when Kennedy blockaded to Cuba, but caused massive tensions in the US and the fear of nuclear war
American boat sunk by Vietnamese, gave president more power to act in Vietnam
Two hundred thousand U.S. troops sent to Vietnam replacing the military advisors.
a surprise attack by north vietnamese took american troops unsuspectadly and raised disaproval rates of the war
Nixon visits China to ease tensions and establish diplomatic relations
America withdrew troops from vietnam
carter met with brezhnev for treaty limiting weapons stockpiles
Russia invaded Afghanistan, evetnually leads to downfall of USSR because of cost.
Poland is put under martial law because of solidarity uprising.
Soviet government allows free speech against the government.
Treaty between USSR and America decreases nuclear stockpiles
Poland holds its first free election in decades
Many activists tear down the Berlin wall to re-integrate Germany
Gorbachev resigns and USSR disbanbands