Cold War and Civil Rights Movement 1950-1991

Presidencies

Harry S. Truman Elected

1945 - 1953

Dwight D. Eisenhower Elected

1952 - 1960

John F. Kennedy Elected

1960 - 1963

John F Kennedy, a democrat, was elected president. During his office he tried to get poverty programs through Congress but had no success. He started the Peace Corps and gave the idea for the space program. Unfortunately, during a trip to Dallas Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald.

John F. Kennedy Assassinated

November 22, 1963

Kennedy was shot by Lee Harvey Oswald in Dallas, Texas. Kennedy was shot while sitting next to Jacqueline Kennedy being cheered on by pedestrians.

Lyndon B. Johnson Appointed

November 22 1963 - 1969

Lyndon B. Johnson was not elected. He took the presidential oath on Air Force 1, after Kennedy was assassinated. He successfully got his ideas through Congress by his program the “Great Society.”

Richard M. Nixon Elected

1968 - 1974

Richard Nixon is elected after Johnson decides not to run for election due to the amount of stress. Nixon's presidency is ended when he resigned before he could be impeached after the Watergate Scandal which he was blamed for obstruction of justice.

Gerald R. Ford Appointed

1974 - 1977

Ford is the only president of The United States that was not elected. Ford was appointed president after Nixon resigned.

Jimmy Carter Elected

1977 - 1981

Ronald W. Reagan Elected

1981 - 1993

Civil Rights Movement

Rosa Parks Arrested

December 1, 1955

Rosa Parks refuses to give up her bus seat. This starts the Montgomery Bus Boycotts.

Little Rock Nine

September 1957

In Little Rock, Arkansas nine student were first blocked from going to an all white school but troops were deployed and were able to attend the school.

First Sit-In

February 1, 1960

First sit-in at a lunch counter. This inspired more sit-ins all over the nation.

Freedom Riders

May 1961

Freedom riders begin to go to the deep South and are beaten and killed.

I Have A Dream Speech

August 28, 1963

“I have a dream” speech is given by Martin Luther King Jr. at the Lincoln Memorial during the March on Washington.

Malcom X's shot

February 21, 1965

Malcolm X, a Human Rights Activist, is shot to death.

Civil Rights Act of 1965

August 10, 1965

Civil Rights Act of 1965 made any laws to restrict African Americans from voting illegal.

Martin Luther King Jr. Shot

April 4, 1968

Martin Luther King Jr. is shot on a balcony in Memphis, Tennessee.

Equal Rights Amendment

1972

Other

Korean War

June 25,1950 - June 27, 1953

This war began when North Korea invaded South Korea. The United States interfered in aid to South Korea after this surprise invasion. Eisenhower along side South Korea in July of 1953 signed an Armistice, reset the border, and seized fire.

MacArthur Fired

April 11, 1951

Truman fires MacArthur because disagreements about strategy. More specifically the decision to invade China.

Brown Vs. Board of Education

May 17, 1954

Brown vs. Board of Education deems segregation in public schools is unconstitutional.

Warsaw Pact

May 14, 1955

Warsaw Pact, a pact of the USSR and its satellite nations, was created.

Sputnik Launched

October 4, 1957

Sputnik, the first artificial satellite, launched.

Castro gains Power

January 1959

Fidel Castro comes to power in Cuba with a Communist government.

Bay of Pigs

April 17, 1961

Bay of pigs invasion is launched to take Cuba from Fidel Castro and fails in three days.

Berlin Wall is Built

August 13, 1961

Berlin wall is built almost overnight to separate East and West Germany. This wall went through buildings and hotel hallways and it was topped with barbed wire.

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 1962

Cuban Missile Crisis was when the Soviet Union put multiple nuclear missiles in Cuba. The confrontation ended when Kennedy put a blockade to Cuba and the Soviet's agreed to remove the missiles.

Vietnam War

July 1965 - January 30, 1975

Two hundred thousand U.S. troops sent to Vietnam replacing the military advisers. By 1968 nearly half a million American troops are fighting in the Vietnam War.Then April 30, 1975 South Vietnam is taken over by North becoming Communistic ending the Vietnam War

Moon Landing

July 20, 1969

Apollo 11 lands on the moon, make Buzz Aldrin and John Glenn the first men on the moon. "This is one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind."

Nixon Visits China

February 1972

Nixon visits China to help ease tensions.

Afghan Invasion

December 1979

The Soviet Union invades Afghanistan.

Berlin Wall Falls

November 9, 1989

Berlin wall torn down by Germans to show the fall of the East and West Germany.

Soviet Union Breaks Up

November 26, 1991

Statues of former communist leaders are toppled as communism falls and Soviet Union breaks up.