This camera for middle perforated 15mm film appeared in 1900.
I bought this 35mm hand crank camera at a German auction. It was described as being manufactured by Alfred Darling in 1907 in Great Britain. But I have yet to see this model camera described anywhere. It has a Ludwig, Dresden 3.5/50mm lens, which points at a German origin.
In the background an English (Warwick) projector of 1906.
Many early film productions were made with this camera. David Griffith used it in 'Birth of a Nation'.
Back opened showing magazines. It contained for the first time 28 mm non-inflammable safety film. Lens 4.5/45 mm.
This 35mm camera (here equiped with telephoto lens) was affectionately called the 'pancake'. It was the favorite of many wild life and newsreel cameramen for its sturdiness until after WW2.
Tropical camera for 60m cassettes manufactured in 1921, lens Rüdersdorf, Berlin 3.5/4cm.
Introduced in 1934 in Great Britain for 9,5 mm middle perforated film. The re winder and reel are hardly ever seen.
The world's first 16mm optical sound-on-film camera introduced in 1935
Manufactured around 1936 by Rokuohsha, Tokyo (now Konica). Though resembling Cine Kodak cameras it has added features as backwind crank and filter compartment.