The 14 year old African American was beaten to death by two brothers after entering a whites-only shop and talking to a white woman. The brothers were blamed of no charges.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
December 1955 - December 1956
Montgomery resident Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man on a public bus and was arrested. After her arrest, African Americans in Montgomery organized a yearlong boycott of the city's bus system.
Little Rock Nine Segregation Incident
Orval Faubus refused to let nine African American students attend Little Rock's Central High School. President Eisenhower sent in federal troops to allow the students to enter the school.
Greensboro Lunch-Counter Sit-In
In Greensboro, North Carolina, four African American students sat at a whites-only lunch counter and refused to move until they were served. The students sat there as whites poured food over their heads.
March on Washington
More than 250,000 blacks and whites marched into the nation's capital. There, they demanded the immediate passage of the bill for school desegregation. MLK, Jr. spoke to the crowd and gave his "I Have A Dream" speech.
Birmingham Children's March
Children from Elementary, Middle, and High Schools met in a Church, planning to march through the streets in a nonviolent manner. The children were attacked by white officers with powerful water hoses and fierce police dogs.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Law that outlawed racial discrimination. President Kennedy and Congress approved the bill.
Selma to Montgomery March
Civil rights workers attempted a voting project in Selma, Alabama. They met with violent resistance. As a result, MLK, Jr. led a massive march through Alabama. President Johnson responded by asking Congress to pass a new voting rights act.
Civil rights activists marched and protested through the streets of Detroit and were met with dozens of police officers, water hoses, and police dogs.
Civil Rights Act of 1968
Act that banned discrimination in housing.
Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.
A gunman shot and killed MLK, Jr. in Memphis, Tennessee. Anger over King's death led to African Americans erupting in riots.