The start of nuclear weapons. This forever changed weapons in the world.
Next we outdid the Russians by testing/creating this "Super Bomb"
President Eisenhower and the U.S. Secretary of State announced that if any major Soviet Union attack occurred, it would be met with a massive nuclear response.
The U.S. started to do research to make our own ICBMs. Our first one launched was the Atlas Missile.
Treaty/Talk (SALT I & 2). Both occurred between the U.S. Presidents and Soviet Union Leaders.
This event helps launch the Cold War which focuses around the Arms Race during this time.
ICBMs created a significant range increase compared to other bombs made before. These bombs are sufficiently accurate and powerful.
Largest nuclear weapon eve exploded. Detonated after both countries agree to limit nuclear testing. Viewed as an act of intimidation.
U.S. discovered that the Soviets were positioning nuclear missiles in Communist Cuba. The crisis ends after both sides know that nuclear war is too dangerous.
Designed to counter ballistic missiles.
President Dwight Eisenhower publicly signed to create the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). This became a federal agency dedicated to space exploration.
The U.S. launched its own satellite.
Astronaut Alan Shepard became the first American in space.
First manned space mission to orbit the moon.
U.S. astronauts Neil Armstrong, Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin and Michael Collins set off on the Apollo 11 space mission, the first lunar landing attempt. Armstrong was the first man to walk on the moon.
The world’s first artificial satellite and the first man-made object to be placed into the Earth’s orbit. This surprised the U.S.
Soviet space program created Luna 2 which was the first space probe to hit the moon.
Yuri Gagarin became the first person to orbit Earth, traveling in the capsule-like spacecraft Vostok 1.
First planetary flyby by Venus. Done by Venera I.
Done by the Soviet's Mars 3.