This event began the threat of US nuclear superiority. Location: Alamagordo, New Mexico. "Trinity" Test.
US tests hydrogen bomb (H-Bomb)
November 1, 1952
This bomb was a big power increase from a normal nuclear bomb. Location: Eniwetok atoll in the Pacific
January 12, 1954
All or nothing policy. Eisenhower gave it.
US develops ICBM technology
July 9, 1959
US developed MIRV systems
This added great accuracy to missiles.
Soviet Union Arms Race
USSR explodes atomic bomb
August 29, 1949
This event ended US threat to nuclear superiority.
USSR test hydrogen bomb (H-bomb)
August 12, 1953
Shocked the world because nobody thought the USSR was that far into missile technology.
USSR Launched first ICBM
August 21, 1957
The name was R-7. It was very long distance. It posed a threat to US because it could go farther than theirs.
Tsar Bomba nuclear bomb
October 30, 1961
The USSR detonated the Tsar Bomba nuclear bomb over the Novaya Zemlya archipelago in northern Russia. To this day, this is the largest nuclear weapon detonated.
Cuban Missile Crisis
USSR missile were kept at Cuba, while USA Missile were kept at Turkey.
USSR developed MIRV systems
US Space Race
Explorer 1 Launched
January 31, 1958
America launched this to try and be better than the Soviet Union. This started the Cold War Space Race.
July 29, 1958
NASA was created because America was getting frustrated that the Soviets were getting all of the first. They didn't know how to beat them. They realized that they needed to focus more on space exploration to get ahead of the USSR in the Space Race.
Presidents / NASA's accomplishments
NASA starts the Apollo Program. John F. Kennedy gave a speech saying that within that decade, an American is going to land on the moon and arrive safely back.
Ham the Chimp
January 31, 1961
He was named after the Holloman Aerospace Medical Center. He was a counter to the USSR of the two dogs that previously went to space.
First America in space
May 5, 1961
Alan Shepard. He was on the Mercury spacecraft Freedom 7. This was Americas come-back from Yuri.
First man on the moon
July 20, 1969
"One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." Neil Armstrong's moonwalk was watched by 500 million witnesses.
Soviet Union Space Race
USSR launched Sputnik 1
October 4, 1957
The worlds first artificial satellite.
USSR launched Sputnik 2
November 3, 1957
It went to orbit with a passenger. Laika the dog. Laika proved life could survive space travel. This satellite also had a bigger payload.
Belka and Strelka in space
August 19, 1960
They were on the USSR's Sputnik 5. They returned to Earth one day later.
First man in orbit
April 12, 1961
Yuri Gagarin. He went around the Earth on the Vostok 1, which was launched by the USSR's space program.
First women in space
June 16, 1963
Valentina Tereshkova was 26 when she went into orbit.
USSR's first space walk.
March 18, 1965
Alexei Leonov beat, the American Astronaut, Ed White to space walk by about 3 months.