Arms and Space Race

Devin Smith

US Arms Race

First US atomic bomb test explosion

July 16, 1945

This event began the threat of US nuclear superiority. Location: Alamagordo, New Mexico. "Trinity" Test.

US tests hydrogen bomb (H-Bomb)

November 1, 1952

This bomb was a big power increase from a normal nuclear bomb. Location: Eniwetok atoll in the Pacific

Massive Retaliation

January 12, 1954

All or nothing policy. Eisenhower gave it.

US develops ICBM technology

July 9, 1959

After USSR.

US developed MIRV systems

1968

This added great accuracy to missiles.

Soviet Union Arms Race

USSR explodes atomic bomb

August 29, 1949

This event ended US threat to nuclear superiority.

USSR test hydrogen bomb (H-bomb)

August 12, 1953

Shocked the world because nobody thought the USSR was that far into missile technology.

USSR Launched first ICBM

August 21, 1957

The name was R-7. It was very long distance. It posed a threat to US because it could go farther than theirs.

Tsar Bomba nuclear bomb

October 30, 1961

The USSR detonated the Tsar Bomba nuclear bomb over the Novaya Zemlya archipelago in northern Russia. To this day, this is the largest nuclear weapon detonated.

Cuban Missile Crisis

October, 1962

USSR missile were kept at Cuba, while USA Missile were kept at Turkey.

USSR developed MIRV systems

1975

US Space Race

Explorer 1 Launched

January 31, 1958

America launched this to try and be better than the Soviet Union. This started the Cold War Space Race.

NASA created

July 29, 1958

NASA was created because America was getting frustrated that the Soviets were getting all of the first. They didn't know how to beat them. They realized that they needed to focus more on space exploration to get ahead of the USSR in the Space Race.

Presidents / NASA's accomplishments

1961

NASA starts the Apollo Program. John F. Kennedy gave a speech saying that within that decade, an American is going to land on the moon and arrive safely back.

Ham the Chimp

January 31, 1961

He was named after the Holloman Aerospace Medical Center. He was a counter to the USSR of the two dogs that previously went to space.

First America in space

May 5, 1961

Alan Shepard. He was on the Mercury spacecraft Freedom 7. This was Americas come-back from Yuri.

First man on the moon

July 20, 1969

"One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." Neil Armstrong's moonwalk was watched by 500 million witnesses.

Soviet Union Space Race

USSR launched Sputnik 1

October 4, 1957

The worlds first artificial satellite.

USSR launched Sputnik 2

November 3, 1957

It went to orbit with a passenger. Laika the dog. Laika proved life could survive space travel. This satellite also had a bigger payload.

Belka and Strelka in space

August 19, 1960

They were on the USSR's Sputnik 5. They returned to Earth one day later.

First man in orbit

April 12, 1961

Yuri Gagarin. He went around the Earth on the Vostok 1, which was launched by the USSR's space program.

First women in space

June 16, 1963

Valentina Tereshkova was 26 when she went into orbit.

USSR's first space walk.

March 18, 1965

Alexei Leonov beat, the American Astronaut, Ed White to space walk by about 3 months.