NASA was created because America was getting frustrated that the Soviets were getting all of the first. They didn't know how to beat them. They realized that they needed to focus more on space exploration to get ahead of the USSR in the Space Race.
Presidents / NASA's accomplishments
NASA starts the Apollo Program. John F. Kennedy gave a speech saying that within that decade, an American is going to land on the moon and arrive safely back.
Ham the Chimp
January 31, 1961
He was named after the Holloman Aerospace Medical Center. He was a counter to the USSR of the two dogs that previously went to space.