This event began the threat of US nuclear superiority. Location: Alamagordo, New Mexico. "Trinity" Test.
This bomb was a big power increase from a normal nuclear bomb. Location: Eniwetok atoll in the Pacific
All or nothing policy. Eisenhower gave it.
This added great accuracy to missiles.
This event ended US threat to nuclear superiority.
Shocked the world because nobody thought the USSR was that far into missile technology.
The name was R-7. It was very long distance. It posed a threat to US because it could go farther than theirs.
The USSR detonated the Tsar Bomba nuclear bomb over the Novaya Zemlya archipelago in northern Russia. To this day, this is the largest nuclear weapon detonated.
USSR missile were kept at Cuba, while USA Missile were kept at Turkey.
America launched this to try and be better than the Soviet Union. This started the Cold War Space Race.
NASA was created because America was getting frustrated that the Soviets were getting all of the first. They didn't know how to beat them. They realized that they needed to focus more on space exploration to get ahead of the USSR in the Space Race.
NASA starts the Apollo Program. John F. Kennedy gave a speech saying that within that decade, an American is going to land on the moon and arrive safely back.
He was named after the Holloman Aerospace Medical Center. He was a counter to the USSR of the two dogs that previously went to space.
Alan Shepard. He was on the Mercury spacecraft Freedom 7. This was Americas come-back from Yuri.
"One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." Neil Armstrong's moonwalk was watched by 500 million witnesses.
The worlds first artificial satellite.
It went to orbit with a passenger. Laika the dog. Laika proved life could survive space travel. This satellite also had a bigger payload.
They were on the USSR's Sputnik 5. They returned to Earth one day later.
Yuri Gagarin. He went around the Earth on the Vostok 1, which was launched by the USSR's space program.
Valentina Tereshkova was 26 when she went into orbit.
Alexei Leonov beat, the American Astronaut, Ed White to space walk by about 3 months.