The lines were discovered by a plane flying over southern Peru.
He was a Peruvian doctor/anthropologist, who was the first scientist to show interest in the Nazca lines. He discovered the line while hiking in the area.
Maria study the lines beginning in 1940 and spent 40 to 50 years of her life continuing to study, and protect the lines. She was buried in the desert with the lines, after her death in 1998.
One day after the winter solstice, Paul Kosok discovers that as the sun is setting some of the lines are in direct alignment with it.
William Duncan, from Columbia University, begins the first excavation of the lines.
Dr Gerald Hawkins performs a study with the aid of the computer program, and realizes that 20% of the lines have astronomical orientation.
This study led by David Johnson is began in order to link the Nazca lines and geoglyphs with subterranean water.
An explosion in a nearby gold and copper mine happens a few feet away from a trapezoid that is 2 miles long.
Phyllis B. Pitluga concludes that the lines represent heavenly shapes to the Nazca culture, but they represent not just constellations, but also constellations.
Several floods and mud slides occur near the Nazca valley and erode several geoglyphs.
A small Japanese team from Yagmagata University began studying the lines and 2006, and has discovered 100's of new lines in the 6 years since then.
Yamagata University opened a new research facility in September of 2012, in order to study the area for the next 15 years.