Georgi Malenkov succeeds as prime minister, Nikita Khrushchev as the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party.
USSR joins the US and Great Britain, signing a treaty to ban atmospheric nuclear tests as well.
Replaced as first secretary of the Communist Party. Aleksey Kosygin becomes prime minister.
In an attempt to put a stop to the trend towards liberalization. "Brezhnev doctrine" - communist countries now have the right to intervene in other communist states if their policies threaten the communist movement.
USSR-imposed communist regimes topple in eastern Europe. Public rallies in East Germany lead to the fall of the Berlin Wall on November 9th.
Congress of People's Deputies votes for dissolution of the USSR, Gorbachev resigns as Soviet President, the United states recognizes independence of Soviet republics. On December 26th, the Russian government takes over offices of USSR.
Suicide bombings, Moscow theatre hostage situation, bombing of Chechen government building--lead to military base in Kant, Russia's new rapid reaction force to combat terrorism.
Both cut nuclear arsenals from over 6,000 missiles each to 2,000 each within the next ten years.
Putin talks of new arms race, US planning to expand missile defences into Eastern Europe.
Replaced by Dmitry Medvedev.
Cut arsenals of deployed nuclear warheads by thirty percent.
Crop failures, wildfires, peat fires.
US, European Union, human rights groups condemn imprisonment of three protesting members of a punk band.
Biggest East-West showdown since the Cold War.