Russia: Post WWII - Present

Main

Russia tests first atomic device; recognizes China's communist government.

1949

Stalin dies.

1953

Georgi Malenkov succeeds as prime minister, Nikita Khrushchev as the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party.

Sputnik, the first artificial earth satellite orbits planet.

1957

Khrushchev becomes prime minister.

1958

Yuri Gagarin makes first manned orbital flight.

1961

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

US-Soviet "hot line" set up

1963

USSR joins the US and Great Britain, signing a treaty to ban atmospheric nuclear tests as well.

Khrushchev replaced by Leonid Brezhnev.

1964

Replaced as first secretary of the Communist Party. Aleksey Kosygin becomes prime minister.

Invasion of Czechoslovakia.

1968

In an attempt to put a stop to the trend towards liberalization. "Brezhnev doctrine" - communist countries now have the right to intervene in other communist states if their policies threaten the communist movement.

Brezhnev elected president under new constitution.

1977

Chernobyl nuclear power station explodes.

1986

Revolutions of 1989

1989

USSR-imposed communist regimes topple in eastern Europe. Public rallies in East Germany lead to the fall of the Berlin Wall on November 9th.

Dissolution of the Soviet Union.

1991

Congress of People's Deputies votes for dissolution of the USSR, Gorbachev resigns as Soviet President, the United states recognizes independence of Soviet republics. On December 26th, the Russian government takes over offices of USSR.

Yeltsin resigns, replaced by Putin as acting president.

1999

Chechen Terrorism.

2002

Suicide bombings, Moscow theatre hostage situation, bombing of Chechen government building--lead to military base in Kant, Russia's new rapid reaction force to combat terrorism.

Russia and the USA announce agreement on strategic nuclear weapons reduction.

2002

Both cut nuclear arsenals from over 6,000 missiles each to 2,000 each within the next ten years.

Chechen separatist leader Aslan Maskhadov killed by Russian forces.

2005

Russia fires long-distance missile.

2007

Putin talks of new arms race, US planning to expand missile defences into Eastern Europe.

Putin becomes prime minister.

2008

Replaced by Dmitry Medvedev.

Russia hit with financial crisis and fall in oil prices.

2008

Medvedev signs arms agreement with US.

2010

Cut arsenals of deployed nuclear warheads by thirty percent.

Recordbreaking Heatwave

2010

Crop failures, wildfires, peat fires.

Anti-Putin protests in Moscow cathedral.

2012

US, European Union, human rights groups condemn imprisonment of three protesting members of a punk band.

Sochi Olympics

2014

Ukraine Crisis begins.

2014

Biggest East-West showdown since the Cold War.