Emmeline, Christabel and Sylvia Pankhurst. Sufragettes. Militant action.
Free School Meals (conditional)
1906 - 1912
School Medical Checks
Children and Young Persons Act
Can't insure a child's life. Prosecution for neglect. No buying alcohol or tobacco. Sent to borstal not prison.
Old Age Pension
Only if you were over 70 and earn't less than £31 a year. 5 shillings a week for a single person and 7s 6d for a couple.
Government run Labour Exchanges
National Insurance Act
free medical care. sick pay - 10 shillings a week. 4d was paid by the worker, 3d by the employer and 2d by the Government. Up to 26 weeks of sick pay available.
School Medical Treatment
Emily Davison's death
at la derby
The Cat and Mouse Act
Defence Of The Realm Act
Meant the Government could cease land and buildings and it brought in lots of new laws.
The Munitions Crisis
Representation of the People Act
Woman over the age of 30 or had their own property could vote. Men who had been living overseas could vote.
Woodrow Wilson is President
1913 - 1921
Sacco and Vanzetti arrested
1920 - 1933
The Volstead Act. Speakeasies, moonshine, gangsters, "protection rackets" - paying gangsters to keep businesses safe, corruption, bootlegging. Temperance Groups and the Bible Belt. Government wanted votes.
Sacco and Vanzetti trial
1923 - 1930
John Scopes. He was convicted but charges were dropped.
Sacco and Vanzetti executed
Herbert Hoover is is President
1929 - 1933
Republican. "Do Nothing". "Rugged Individualism." He was a mining engineer. If he could do it everyone could. "The American Dream." "Prosperity is just around the corner."
The Wall Street Crash
October. Stock Prices dropped.
Roosevelt is President
1933 - 1945
Has polio. Democrat. Train Campaign. He's a cool guy.
The New Deal is introduced
Relief,recovery and reform.
The Second New Deal is introduced
Aftermath of WW1
Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points
Treaty of St. Germain
Separated Austria from Hungary.
Bohemia and Moravia -> Czechoslovakia
Bosnia, Herzegovina and Croatia -> Yugoslavia
Army was restricted to 30,000.
Forbidden to unite with Germany again.
Treaty of Nuilly
Restricted their army to 20,000.
£100 million in reparations.
Paris Peace Conference
George Clemencau - France
Woodrow Wilson - USA
David Lloyd George - Britain
Treaty of Sevres
Smyrna -> Greece
Syria -> mandate under French control
Treaty of Trianon
Transylvania -> Romania
Slovakia and Ruthenia -> Czechoslovakia
Slovenia and Croatia -> Yugoslavia
Germany starts to fall behind in reparation payments
The Ruhr Crisis
French Soldiers went into Germany to claim coal as reparation payments so the German workers were told to strike. Over 100 German workers were killed. Trade fell as less coal was mined and money had to be printed. This caused hyperinflation. The USA had to organise for the reparation payments to be lessened and for the French Soldiers to retreat.
The League of Nations
1919 - 1945
1919 - 1933
1919 - 1945
1919 - 1937
Poland invaded Vilna which was owned by Lithuania. The League of Nations protested to Poland, who did not withdraw, and did not send troops in.
Both Sweden and Finland wanted control over the Aaland Islands. The League let Finland have control. Sweden accepted this and moved on.
Both Germany and Poland had civilians living in Upper Silesia and both wanted control over it. The League held a plebiscite where the rural areas wanted Polish control and the industrial areas wanted German control. The league split the borders accordingly.
An Italian General was sent to supervise the border between Greece and Albania and was then murdered. Mussolini got very pissy and blamed Greece, asking for compensation and an apology. Mussolini sent in Italian troops into Corfu and killed 15 men. Greece appealed to the League who held the compensation and said it would be given to Italy when the killer is found. Mussolini publicly accepted this but privately persuaded the Conference of Ambassadors to change their mind. Mussolini got paid up front and got a public apology. What a nugget.
The Geneva Protocol
Asked for countries in the League to ask the League to help in their disputes and then accept the council's decision. This was meant to strengthen the League but Britain backed out so, in the end, it weakened it.
The Locarno Treaties
Germany accepted the border between France and Belgium. Britain and Italy guaranteed to protect France if Germany went over these borders.
Germany accepted that the Rhineland would stay demilitarised.
France and Germany agreed to settle any disagreements through the League.
Greece invaded Bulgaria after some of their soldiers were killed on the border but when they were condemned and asked to withdraw they did so.
1926 - 1933
The Kellogg-Briand Pact
No more war. Settlements will be done peacefully.
1931 - 1933
Japan invaded Manchuria. Set up a puppet Government.
new trading partners
to gain raw materials
more food for it's growing population
more farmland as their land is mountainous
The League took a year to file a report which asked for Japan to leave China but instead Japan just left the League and invaded Jehol as well. Tsssschk.
1932 - 1934
Germany wanted equality.
No other countries were willing to disarm as much as Germany and no one wanted Germany to rearm.
Germany left the League and started rearming publicly.
1934 - 1939
Italy invade Abyssinia
Mussolini wanted to take people's minds off their lack of money.
He wanted to build up his empire.
He wanted more resources and land.
Abyssinia had very little defence so it would be an easy win.
A Secret Pact between the Foreign Secretary of Britain and France to give Abyssinia to Italy.
Hitler's steps to war
Withdrawal from the League
Plebiscite for if the Saar-land should be given back to Germany. Germany won 90% of the votes and although it was obviously corrupt, were given the Saar.
Remilitarisation of the Rhineland
The attention was all on the Abyssinian crisis so nothing was done.
Spanish Civil War
used this to test his weapons.
invaded the Sudetenland to form a Greater Germany and to get Lebensraum. Threatened War.
Asked for the Sudetenland, was given half but took all of it anyway. Chamberlain just gave in to avoid war.
Told the leader of Austria that they needed to unite to calm the public. There was a plebiscite which was completely fixed and Hitler arrested people who voted against him. Lots of pro-Nazi propaganda.
Invasion of Czechoslovaki
old German industrial sites
German speaking people
Invasion of Poland
Hitler invaded from the West on the 1st September. WW2 began the next day. fucking hitler you fucking douche
The Nazi-Soviet Pact
Hitler's movement eastwards worried Stalin so they signed a pact to avoid war. They then agreed to split Poland. Wow.