The Kite Runner Timeline

Main

babrak karmal installed

1920

Babrak Karmal installed as ruler, backed by Soviet troops. But opposition intensifies with various mujahideen groups fighting Soviet forces. US, Pakistan, China, Iran and Saudi Arabia supply money and arms to the mujahideen

zahir shah becomes king

1933

Zahir Shah becomes king and Afghanistan remains a monarchy for next four decades.

general daud

1978

General Daud is overthrown and killed in a pro-Soviet coup. The People's Democratic Party comes to power but is paralysed by violent infighting and faces opposition by US-backed mujahideen groups.

babrak karmal installed

1980

Babrak Karmal installed as ruler, backed by Soviet troops. But opposition intensifies with various mujahideen groups fighting Soviet forces. US, Pakistan, China, Iran and Saudi Arabia supply money and arms to the mujahideen

mujahideen come together in pakistan

1985

Mujahideen come together in Pakistan to form alliance against Soviet forces. Half of Afghan population now estimated to be displaced by war, with many fleeing to neighbouring Iran or Pakistan

last soviet

1989
  • Last Soviet troops leave, but civil war continues as mujahideen push to overthrow Najibullah.

deployment of first

2002

January - Deployment of first contingent of foreign peacekeepers - the Nato-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) - marking the start of a protracted fight against the Taliban.