Leads to intense Yorkist feud which restarts War of the Roses
Happiest period of the whole reign
Fires a distraction to find Princes in the Tower?
Domestic uprising which was also joined by Buckingham. Ran by Edward and sons loyalists. (Stirred into action by the rumours of Princes' murders)
Passed Titulus Regius and Acts of Attainder
Richard III killed during 'Final charge' and Henry Tudor made Henry VII
1) Declared King's title
Popular as joined two warring sides together. (Propaganda)
Insurrections led by loyal Ricardians (Francis, Lovell and the Stafford brothers.) Led to sanctuary being changed- not for treason. King learnt need to protect the dynasty and country.
Ended at Battle of Stoke, King lenient.
Deal with lawlessness and finances after Battle of Stoke
Henry backed Brittany against French absorption. Caused friction with France.
Heard charges against nobles who broke laws on retaining or maintenance.
Maximillian agreed to send troops to Brittany to help Henry against French absorption and Hnery would send 3,000 troops to help Maximillian against Flemish and French.
Ferdinand and Henry mutual defence of their countries, Spain don't accept rebels of pretenders, Catherine of Aragon marries Prince Arthur.
Fund royal army for expedition against France
Anti-French alliance with Ferdinand and Maximillian, with Bretons agreeing to cover costs of 3,000 strong British army.
The defected Northumberland murdered by the rebels after King tried to raise taxes.
Fund expedition against France
1491= Starts in Ireland, claiming to be Richard, Duke of York.
1492= Flees to France, received by Charles VIII.
1493= Burgundy embargo
1494= Secures backing of Holy Roman Emperor
1495= First attempt to invade England
1496= Second invasion of England, backed by Scots.
1497= Third attempt to invade, surrenders.
1498= Imprisoned in Tower of London but tries to escape.
1499= Hanged for treason.
Ouwits Warbeck as one of the conditions is that France won't receive any pretenders.
Much more efficient
Banished Burgundian traders in England in retaliation to Margaret of Burgundy's continued support for Warbeck.
Manage threat of Warbeck
Removed trade barriers between England and Burgundy.
Tax rise in Cornwall to fund war against Scotland led to rebellion. Marched to London, slaughtered at Blackheath. Didn't raise it again.
Fund possible war against Scotland
Prevented Scotland backing Warbeck. Marriage arranged between Princess Margaret to marry James IV.
Raise two feudal levies for Princess Margaret's marriage and Prince Arthur's posthumous knighthood
Henry backed Phillip but his sudden death meant that Ferdinand becomes sole ruler of Spain. No retaliation as both scared of France but never trusted each other fully.
Ferdinand signs with France, no longer needed England after he wins Castillian Accession.
Between England and Burgundy but abandoned as gave too much to England.
France and Spain alliance against Venice. Excluded Henry.
Especially due to Wolsey driving Henry's Pro-war counsel for France.
Pope + Venice + Switzerland + Ferdinand.
To claim ancient birth right. Supported by Catherine (To help Ferdinand's ambitions) and Beaufort died which helped both Henry and Wolsey.
Wolsey's attempt to fund 2nd war with France but lead to rebellion. BIG FAILURE! Caused beginnings of rift between Wolsey and Henry(Beginning of the end!)
Failure to get annulment
Sack of Rome
Henry leading the Great Matter
Means Pope was effectively Charles V's prisoner. Has repercussions later with Great Matter.
Wants to annul marriage to Catherine of Aragon