Roosevelt Dies. Truman decides to "get tough" with Stalin. INtroduces the A-bomb. Potsdam Conference in July ended w/ Stalin receiving increased land w/ new Polish-German border, US refusing to allow German reparations from Allied zones but US recognizing new communist Polish govt under Soviet influence
Disagreement existed over future of Polish govt (independent + democratic vs Communist); US wanted to German reconstruction, Stalin wanted heavy reparations- finally agreed to commission and each Ally given German “zone”
1945 - 1953
The Truman Doctrine
the principle that the US should give support to countries or peoples threatened by Soviet forces or communist insurrection. First expressed in 1947 by US President Truman in a speech to Congress seeking aid for Greece and Turkey, the doctrine was seen by the communists as an open declaration of the Cold War.
Sources of Soviet Conduct (George Kennan)
Here, Kennan says Soviets are "insecure" but resilient. They are only a political threat and we need to contain it.
Secretary of state, George Marshall, states that USA needs to invest in Europe to rebuild it. Otherwise, they might fall to communism.
China falls to communist MAO
Soviet tests 1st A-bomb
To strengthen military position US and Western Eur naions1949 created North Atlantic Treaty Organization as alliance to protect all members against threat of Soviet invasion (communists 1955 formed similar Warsaw Pact)
1950 - 1953
(1950-1953) The conflict between Communist North Korea and Non-Communist South Korea. The United Nations (led by the US) helped South Korea.
- 1950 to 1953 war where American and other United Nations forces fought to stop communist aggression against South Korea. U.S. entry into Korean War was totally consistent with the U.S. Cold War policy of containment. Negotiated settlement divided Korea along the 38th parallel, a division that remains today
McCarthy's "Democrats and Communists"
Here, McCarthy states the threat of communism. He says that he has 205 names of communists in the US government under the Truman administration.
Statement on the korean war
Here, truman fires MacArthur because he states he wants to prevent a WWIII. Says US needs to fight a limited war.