history final

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Tokugawa shogunate

1800 - 1868

followed japanese revolution; MILITARY GOVERNMENT established by tokugawa Ieyatsu, capital at tokyo
-Land owning daimyo aristocracy, protected by samurai
-confucian, agricultural based society
-dominant merchant class becomes wealthy

China: Opium war

1839

war between Britain and Qing empire, Qing refused importing opium to its territories, imposed treaty of Nanking. Put pressure on china by britain, border controlled by britain, not china

China: Taiping rebellion

1850 - 1864

Christian rebellion against chinese empire, manchu overthrown,
-land redistribution,
-abolishment of private property
-end of opium and prostitutes
-segregated military camps

Commodore Matthew perry Arrives in Japan

1853

demands resources and aid from japan: bullies into treaties with western countries

Meiji Restoration

1868

Emperor gains power and promotes national unity
-governer replaces daimyo and samurai ends
-all equal under emperor
-export weapons and textiles
-electricity and entertainment japanese original

Founding of Germany and italy

1870

Classic imperialism

1870 - 1914

Economic gain: raw materials and imports controlled by imperial countries
Social gain of using colonies resources to fight imperial social problems
Nationalistic gain: controlling nations over others
Racial conflict: race studies and stereotypes

Japanese war with china

1894 - 1895

war w/ china, gains korea and taiwan

Nationalism

1900 - 1950

Idea that stressed loyalty to nation
Nation: community combined by culture and history
Not under specific ruler
-intense rivalry between European states

ruso-japanese war

1904

japan wins and fights off russia

Western front: propoganda and nationalism

1914 - 1918

race for war Tech, unity in nations for war
-machine gun, poison gas, and airplane
-600,000 deaths in western front

assassination of franz ferdinand

june 28 1914

Serbian nationalist kills austrian archduke, sparks WWI
-alliance of britain, france,usa, russia, serbia, belgium, greece, and japan
-central power of germany, austria-hungary, ottoman, and italy

assassination sparks allied powers into action against nations

Vladimir Lenin

1917

Bolshevik leader; wanted:
-worker controlled factories
-land to peasants to farm
-end of russia in WWI
-communists take st petersburg
russia becomes USSR

Usa declares war on germany

1917 - 1918

war ends november 1918, challenges enlightenment and progress
-shows evils of science, war, and technology

Bolsheviks

1917

Marxist political party founded by Lenin and siezed power in 1917 after Russian revolution from outrage at elites by ordinary people

fourteen points

1918

Woodrow wilson proposed ideas
-free trade and free seas
-open diplomacy
-colony claims and disputes in support of self determination of colony

treaty of versailles

1919

fate of losers of WWI
-germany loses land, loses military strength, loses money for repiration
-war guilt clause blaming war on germany

Rise of fascism

1920 - 1930

Nationalistic political ideology seeking to revilatize and purify nation, and mobilize people
-emphasis on unity by force
-challenges capitalism and communism in economics
-great government involvement in everything
-territoriality aggressive, authoritarian, nationalistic, anticommunistic

Sino-japanese war

1930 - 1931

Japan modernizes but great depression brings authoritarian government and turns to fascism
-cherry blossom society: group of nationalists who bring japan out of depression and invade manchuria
-league of nations says stop, japan says no, withdraws from league and captures important chinese cities

Nanking massacre

1937

200,000 chinese killed, japanese racial aggression

Munich conference

1938

attempt to appease nazi Germany party by letting it invade czechloslovakia

WWII total war

1938 - 1945

Mobilization of economies and people for war on grand scale, violence directed toward civilians
-German attacks mostly consist of city bombings
-war on multiple fronts

Kristallnacht

1938

jewish temple burns in Germany, no one helps, showing beginning of jewish discrimination.

fall of Dien Bien Phu

1954

fall of french stronghold in vietnam, ends french's colonial enterprise

indo china war

1954

colony of indo china formed by french influences people with western ideas. Ho chi min uses nationalism to unite vietnam against french
-french loses colony in WWI but takes it back in WWII
-vietnam asks for help against french from USA, but USA doesnt help because communism
-war results in north communism and democratic south

cuban missle crisis

1962

fidel castro comes to power with communism in response to assassination attempt.
-soviet has missles in cuba for protection
-america sets up blockage
-almost nuclear war

Ngo Dinh Diem:

1963

persecuted buddhists in south vietnam, buddhist protests and president overthrown

tet offensive

1968

north vietnamese offensive into south vietnam
-surprise attacks on towns and cities

Soviet invasion of afghanistan

1978 - 1979

post WWII, soviet wants to spread communism, soviet invades to tak over, america provides guns and aid for afghan to fight back