Timeline Project

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Prince Henry the Navigator

March 4, 1394 - November 13, 1460

Prince Henry was born on March 4, 1394 and died on November 13, 1460. He was often known as "Prince Henry the Navigator". He was very important in the 15th century.

Toussaint L' Ouverture

1473 - 1541

Toussaint L' Ouverture was born May 20, 1743 and they called him the Black Napoleon. He grew up in Haiti and wanted to get independence for his country. He was successful.
He died on April 7,1803.

Spain Empire

February 1500 - September 21, 1558

The Spanish Empire is commonly referred at the time as the Spanish Monarchy. Spain's territorial reached beyond Europe spanned nearly six centuries. The Spanish Empire's establishment in the 15th century ushered in the modern global era.

Cortez Conquers the Aztecs

February 1519 - August 1519

The campaign began in February 1519, and was declared victorious on August 13, 1521. Cortez took all of the Aztec's possessions and ruined their land.

Pizarro Conquers the Incas

1532

As late as 1528, the Inca Empire Was a cohesive unit, ruled by one dominant ruler. In 1532, Spanish conquistadors under Francisco Pizarro first made contact with the Inca Empire. They contoured the Incas and took their possessions and land.

English Empire

1556

The English or British Empire was the biggest empire for over a century. The British Empire held sway over about 458 million people. This was only 1/5 of the world's population at the time.

Portugal Empire

1580 - 1640

The Portuguese Empire is also known as Ultramar Portugal “Overseas Portugal”. The capital of the Portuguese Empire was Lisbon. The official language is Portuguese.

Steam Engine

1698

Thomas Savery patented the first steam engine in 1679. These were in trains to power them way back. He based this on Denis Papin's pressure cooker of 1679.

Steam Engine

1698

homas Savery patented the first steam engine in 1679. These were in trains to power them way back. He based this on Denis Papin's pressure cooker of 1679.

Miguel Hidalgo

May 8, 1753 - July 30, 1811

Miguel Hidalgo was born May 8, 1753 and died July 30, 1811. He was more commonly known as Don Miguel Hidalgo. He was the leader of the Mexican War for Independence. He gathered an army of about 90,000 poor Mexican farmers to fight for independence.

Simon Bolivar

July 24, 1783 - December 17, 1830

Simón Bolívar was a South American soldier who was instrumental. He was in the revolutions against the Spanish empire. Born into a wealth, Bolívar was sent to Spain for his education, soon deciding to immerse himself in the political sphere in Europe. After France invaded Spain in 1808, he became involved in the resistance movement and played a key role in the Spanish American fight for independence.

Aborigines Immigrate to Australia

1788

The British people started to colonize Australia in 1788. There are several hundred Aborigines languages. There are not a lot of Aborigines religions though. The Aborigines are famous for there culture and sports.

British Prison Colony in Australia

January 18, 1788

The British Prison Colony in Australia is known as the Penal Colony. This was when the British prisons were over loaded with prisoners so when the British found Australia they used it as a prison colony. This continent was then discovered wealth and colonized and now it is one of the most Urban continents in the world.

Aspirin

1829

Aspirin it is a type of pill that is still used today. It helps headaches, fevers, heart attacks, strokes, post-surgery, cancer prevention, and much more. Aspirin is often addressed as the wonder drug.

Telephone

March 10, 1876

Elisha Grey and Alexander Graham Bell designed and invented a device that could transmit speech electronically. This invention was called the telephone. This was a very important invention and is still used today.

Photograph

August 12, 1877

The photograph was invented by Thomas A. Edison. There was the photograph before there were CD players and tape disks. Edison was trying to fix the telegraph when he discovered the photograph.

Light Bulb

1879

The light bulb is an invention by Thomas Edison that changed the way of life for humans. This invention gave us an easy light source that lasted for a long time. It is easy to use and humans still use it today.

Eiffel Tower

1889

Over the years, the Eiffel Tower has been the site of numerous high-profile stunts, ceremonial events and even scientific experiments. In 1911, for instance, the German physicist Theodor Wulf used an electrometer to detect higher levels of radiation at its top than at its base, observing the effects of what are now called cosmic rays. The Eiffel Tower has also inspired more than 30 replicas and similar structures in various cities around the world.

First Flight

December 17, 1903

The first air flying plane was created by The Wright Brothers. They were Orville and Wilbur Wright. This invention changed travel forever. They flew the first flight in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.

Ford model T

1908 - 1927

The Ford Model T was invented by Henry Ford. The Model T was known as the Tin Lizzy, T‑Model Ford, Model T Ford, or T. The Model T was designed by Childe Harold Wills and Hungarian immigrants Joseph A. Galamb and Eugene Farkas.

World War l

July 28, 1914 - November 11, 1918

World War I was called The Great War because is was so terrible. The allies in this war were Britain, France, Russia, Italy, and The United States. The axis or central power in this war were Germany, Austria Hungary, Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria. World War I was centered in Europe. 21, 228, 813 people died during this war.

Russian Revolution

March 8, 1917 - November 8, 1917

The Russian Revolution a series of revolutions in Russia which led to the creation of Russian SFSR. The Russian Revolution was not a war but it did lead to one. It impacted not only Russia, but also its economy. This revolution was very important to Russia.

Treaty of Versailles

June 28, 1919

The Treaty of Versailles was the treaty that ended World War l. This treaty was signed on June 28, 1919 and ended the war between Germany and the Alied Powers. This treated was signed in the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles in Paris, France.

Rise of Nazism

March 1920 - 1945

The NSDAP (National Socialist German Workers' Party) is comment known as the Nazi Party. This group was formed post World War l. Their leader was Adolf Hitler. He was the dictator of Germany at this time.

USSR

December 30, 1922 - December 1991

USSR is short for The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Soviet is a word that means communist. The USSR is communist. The USSR was made up of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan.

The Great Depression

1930 - 1940

The Great Depression was a servers worldwide economic depression. This was caused by World War II. The economy crashed on a Tuesday and it was called Black Tuesday.

Holocaust

1933 - 1945

The word "holocaust" comes from the Greek words "holos" (whole) and "kaustos" (burned). The 6 million Jews were killed by Germans. Adolf Hitler was the leader of Germany during this time.

World War ll

September 1, 1939 - August 15, 1945

World War II started when Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939. The United Kingdom soon declared war. Many people were injured during this war and many died. Adolf Hitler was Germany’s dictator during the war. He enslaved and killed millions of Jews. The allied powers won World War ll, but they struggled to get there.

Cuban Revolution

1952 - 1958

On 1952 the Cuban Revolution began to start when former army Sergeant Fulgencio Batista seized power during a hotly contested election. Batista was already president on 1940-1944,and He ran from 1952.

Stalin Becomes Leader of Russia

April 3, 1952

Joseph Stalin was born on December 18, 1878. He died on March 5, 1953. He was communist and wanted to make Russia communist also. He was only the leader of Russia for one year before he died.

The Vietnam War

December 1956

The Vietnam War was known as the Second Indochina War. It took place in South Vietnam and North Vietnam. The American lost to communist forces leading to communism in South Vietnam.

Berlin Wall/Iron Curtain Goes Up

August 13, 1961

The Berlin Wall is a physical division between West Berlin and East Berlin.
The Berlin wall stretched over 100 miles.The official purpose of the Berlin wall was to keep western fascists from entering east Germany.

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 14, 1962 - September 28, 1968

The Cuban Missile Crisis was a conflict with nuclear weapons against the United States and The Soviet Union. This was kind of similar to the Cold War because of the use of nuclear weapons between The Soviet Union and The United States. As a result of this there was a creation of the nuclear hotline between the Soviet Union and the United States.

Chernobyl Disaster

April 26, 1986

The town of Chernobyl is in Ukraine and situated near borders with Russia and Belarus. A few miles from this town, the Soviets developed a nuclear power site that was intended to have six reactors when completed. In 1986 on of the reactors started to melt and caused awful radiation problems. There was much environmental problems not just in Ukraine, but in other continents.

Berlin Wall/Iron Curtain Goes Down

November 9, 1989

The Iron Curtain was eliminated on November 9, and allowed citizens to travel freely between East and West Berlin. When this was said to be done, many people disbelieved this because it was such a great point in time. The Berlin Wall separated East and West Berlin since 1961.

Cold War

1990

The Cold War was a war of threats and military build up against the United States and the Soviet Union. There was no actual fighting during the war. The Cold War did not have a specific starting time, but it started right after World War ll and ended in the 1990's. The Berlin Wall was a border separation the people of West Berlin (communist) and East Berlin (non-communist). This war had the most destructive conflict in the history of the planet.

European Union

November 1, 1993

The European Union helps countries trade with each other independently without any conflict. The European Union started after World War II. The members of the European Union are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia,Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.

NAFTA

January 1, 1994

NAFTA is short for North American Free Trade Agreement. Members of NAFTA are: Canada, United States, and Mexico. NAFTA's purpose is to eliminate trade barriers. NAFTA is the most comprehensive regional trade agreement ever. NAFTA was signed on by US President George Bush, Mexican President Salinas, and Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney in the year 1992.