Arlecchino: comic servant, chequered costume, role of light-hearted nimble, and astute servant, introduced in 1580s then became a staple by 1630s, twarts the plan of his master, pursuing his own love interest, becomes romantic hero.
Inamorata: sole purpose was to be in love with each other and themselves, are united by the end of the show, had stock names for male and female characters, appeared in 16th century theatre
Pantalone: Pantalone of the Needy, important principal characters, exceptional greed and status at the top of the social order, debuted around 1560, plant the lion = planting the Venetian flag
Brighella: comic, masked character with loose fitting white smock with green trimmed plants and equipped with a slap stick, displays look of preternatural lust and greed
Il Capitano: often an outsider who can maintain his claims only by benefit of the fact that none of the locals know him, usually a Spaniard given the fact that Italy was under Spanish control well into the 17th century
Il Dottore: one of the vecchi or old men, is an obstacle to the young lovers, he's the alter ego of Pantalone, a decadent erudite and an angry busy body