Europe 1600s-1800s

England

Long Parliament 1640-1660

1640 - 1660

English Civil War 1642-1646

1642 - 1646

Charles I is executed 1649

1649

Oliver Cromwell Becomes Lord Protector 1653

1653

Oliver Cromwell dies 1658

1658

Glorious Revolution 1688

1688

Act of Union with Scotland 1707

1707

Hanoverian Dynasty Begins 1714

1714

Kay's Flying Shuttle invented 1733

1733

American Revolution 1755-1783

1755 - 1783

William Pittt the Elder becomes Prime Minister 1757

1757

Hargreaves Spinning Jenny invented 1764

1764

Arkwright's Water Frame invented 1769

1769

Watt's Steam Engine Invented 1775

1775

William Pitt the Younger becomes Prime Minister 1783

1783

Cartwright's Power Loom Invented 1784

1784

Jeremy Bentham's ideas on utalitarianism 1789

1789

Malthus' Idea on Population 1798

1798

Enclosure Acts 1801

1801

Act of Union with Ireland 1801

1801

Luddites Protest against machines 1811-1813

1811 - 1813

Corn Laws Passed 1815

1815

Ricardos' Iron Law of Wages 1817

1817

Reform Act of 1832

1832

Gave political representation to the industrial middle class.

Poor Law of 1834

1834

Queen Vitoria's Coronation/ Abdication 1837/1901

1837 - 1901

Chartists 1838-1850

1838 - 1850

Irish Potato Famine 1845-1849

1845 - 1849

Corn Laws Repealed 1846

1846

Reform Act of 1867

1867

Enfranchised urban male workers.

Gladstone becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain 1868

1868

Reform Act 1884

1884

Increased number of voters.

France

French Classicism 1600-1700

1600 - 1699

Louis XIV's reign begins 1643

1643

The Fronde 1648-1652

1648 - 1652

Versailles Constructed 1660-1688

1660 - 1688

Jean Baptiste Colbert made french Prime Minister of Finance 1664

1664

Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen 1789

1789

Abbe Sieyes "What is the Third Esate?"1789

1789

Tennis Court Oath 1789

1789

French Revolution 1789-1799

1789 - 1799

Civil Constitution of the Clergy 1790

1790

Declaration of Rights of Woman and Female Citizen 1791

1791

Declaration Of Pillnitz 1791

1791

Committe Of Public Safety Established 1793

1793

King Louis XVI executed 1793

1793

Robespierre Executed 1794

1794

The Directory Established 1795

1795

Louis XVIII Coronation 1795

1795

Napoleon Bonaparte's Coup d' Etat 1799

1799

Napoleonic Wars 1803-1815

1803 - 1815

Napoleonic Code 1804

1804

Continental System 1806

1806

Charles X Coronation/ Abdication 1825-1830

1825 - 1830

Revolution of 1830

1830

Louis Philipe (Bourgeois King) Coronation/ Abdication 1830/1848

1830 - 1848

Louis Napoleon elected President 1848

1848

Bloody June Days 1848

1848

Baron Haussmen remodels Paris 1851-1870

1851 - 1870

Louis Napoleon becomes Napoleon III as Emperor 1852

1852

Thrid Republic of France 1870-1940

1870 - 1940

Paris Commune resists Prussia 1871

1871

Boulanger Affair 1886-1889

1886 - 1889

Dreyfus Affair 1894

1894

Emile Zola's "J'Accuse" 1898

1898

Holy Roman Empire- Confederation of the Rhine- Germany

Thirty Years War 1618-1648

1618 - 1648

Peace of Westphalia 1648

1648

Frederick the Great's Rule 1740-1786

1740 - 1786

Confederation of the Rhine Established 1806

1806

Carlsbad Decrees 1819

1819

Zollverein Formed 1834

1834

Friedrich List's Economic Nationalism 1846

1846

Frankfurt Assembly 1848

1848

Burchesscaften formed 1851

1851

Bismarck's "Iron and Blood" speech 1862

1862

Danish War 1864

1864

Austro-Prussian War 1866

1866

Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871

1870 - 1871

Bismarck's Kulturkampf 1871-1887

1871 - 1887

Bismarck made Chancellor of Germany 1871

1871

German Unification Complete 1871

1871

William I crowned German Emperor 1888

1888

Italian states- Italy

Mazzini Advocates Italian Unification 1830-1839

1830 - 1839

Cavour begins unification process in Italy 1848

1848

Victor Emmanuel crowned King of Italy 1861

1861

Garibaldi gives Southern Italy to Cavour to join with Northern Lands 1861

1861

Italian Unification Complete 1871

1871

Russia

Peter the Great's Rule Begins 1689

1689

St. Petersburg Constructed 1703

1703

Catherine the Great begins her rule 1762

1762

Pugachev's Rebellion 1773

1773

Decembrist Revolt 1825

1825

Crimean War 1843-1856

1843 - 1856

Alexander II frees the serfs 1861

1861

Alexander II assassinated 1881

1881

General Europe Changes

Kepler's Law of planetary Motion 1596

1596

Golden Age of Dutch Republic 1600-1700

1600 - 1700

Baroque Art Movement 1600-1700

1600 - 1700

Gustavus Adolphus dies 1632

1632

Galileo put on trial 1633

1633

Descartes "Discourse on Metghod" 1637

1637

Rembrandt Paints "Night Watch: 1642

1642

Vermeer Paints "The Astronomer" 1668

1668

Isacc Newton's "Principia' 1687

1687

Locke's "Treatise on Government" 1689

1689

Northern Wars 1700-1721

1700 - 1721

War of Spanish Sucession 1701-1714

1701 - 1714

Treaty of Utrecht 1713

1713

War of Austrian Succession 1740-1748

1740 - 1748

Maria Theresa's Rule 1740-1780

1740 - 1780

Montesquie's "Spirit of the Laws" 1748

1748

Romanticism 1750-1850

1750 - 1850

Diderot's "Encyclopedia" written 1751-1777

1751 - 1777

Seven Years War 1754-1763

1754 - 1763

Voltaire's "Candide" 1759

1759

Rousseau's "Emile" 1762

1762

Treaty of Paris 1763

1763

First Partition of Poland 1772

1772

Adam Smith's "The Wealth of Nations" 1776

1776

Joseph II rule 1780-1790

1780 - 1790

Second Partition of Poland 1793

1793

Third Partition of Poland 1795

1795

Early Utopian Socialist Ideas Emerge 1800-1850

1800 - 1850

Charles Fourier, Louis Blanc

Congress of Vienna 1814

1814

Greek Independence 1832

1832

Revolutions of 1848

1848

France, German States, Austria, and Italy

Marx and Engels' "Communist Manifesto" published 1848

1848

Literary and Artistic Realism 1850-1950

1850 - 1950

Darwin's "Origin of Species" 1859

1859

Impressionist Movement 1860-1880

1860 - 1880

Augsleich Compromise 1867

1867

Created Dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary

Pateur's Germ Theory 1878

1878

Congress of Berlin 1878

1878

Post-Impressionism 1880-1900

1880 - 1900

Kipling writes "White Man's Burden" 1899

1899