Quebec From 1950-1980

Catherine Davidson April 26th, 2014 Socials 11

Main

Quebec's New Provincial Flag

1948

Adopted in 1948, this flag was a simpler form of the original Carillon Sacré-Coeur flag. On the new flag, the Roman Catholic heart of Jesus, cross, and wreath of maple leaves are removed.

The Quiet Revolution

1960 - 1977

The Quiet Revolution was the modernization of Québecs economy, politics, education and culture. Positions were now awarded based upon merit, wages and pensions went up and the restrictions on trade unions were gone. Students took more science and tech classes and the Roman Catholic influences in education began It can be argued that the Quiet Revolution stopped at the end of the 1960s or the mid 1970`s.

Maitre chez nous

1962

This was the motto for the Liberal election. It's aim was strengthening Quebec and this translated to "Masters in our own house"

FLQ

1963 - 1970

Active for 7 years, the Front de libération du Québec was a terrorist group fighting in the name of le Québec libre (a free Québec). This group attacked English Canadian symbols, blew up mailboxes as well as kidnapping two and killing one Canadian government official.

Royal Commission on Bilingualism & Biculturalism

1963

The Bi and Bi Commission was created by the federal government to recommend ways of enhancing and promoting the historically bilingual nature of Canada. This meant Canada was to have English and French as its two official languages. This was later "one uped" by Trudeaus Official Languages Act, making Canada officially bilingual.

Flag Debate

1965

Canadas original flag, the Red Ensign, was seen as too British for some Canadians. Generally, English Canadians wanted to keep the Red Ensign and French Canadians wanted a new flag that represented the French as well. On February 15th, 1965, Canadas new flag was raised for the first time. It is still used today and is recognized around the world as a Canadian symbol.

Parti Québécois (PQ)

1967

René Lévesque creates the Parti Québécois for a peaceful divorce of Québec from Canada, as the two cultures seemed to clash.

A Just Society

1968

Piérre Trudeau advocates a just society for all Canadians, with protection of the rights and freedoms of people and to foster their economic and social well-being. Trudeau`s definition of a just society also included individual freedom and the governments retreat from personal liberties.

October Crisis

1970

Triggered by the FLQ kidnappings, the October Crisis was a series of events that led up to the only time the War Measures Act was envoked during a time of peace. Hundreds of suspected FLQ members and sympathizers were arrested. After the body of kidnapped Pierre Laporte was found, the remaining hostage was found alive and the Ocotber Crisis was over.

Bill 22

1974 - 1976

Bill 22 made French the official language in Québec. This was the first provincial legislation passed that was aimed at protecting the status of the French language. With this active, French was the language of the workplace, civil administration and their services. Many non-French speakers moved out of Québec.

Bill 101 (Charter of the French Language)

1977

Bill 101 stated that French was the only language of the province, government employees must work in French, commercial outdoor signs would be in French only, and that children of immigrants were to attend French schools.

Diefenbaker vs. Pearson

They fought through four elections in 10 years. While Diefenbaker wanted to preserve Canadas British ties, Pearson was advocating for an identity that was all Canadas own.

Diefenbaker

1957 - 1963

Conservative leader in 1957 who created the Canadian Bill of Rights. Believed in unhyphenated Canadianism, which was equality for all Canadians.

Pearson

1963 - 1968

Won the 1963 election against Diefenbaker. Pearson was for the modernization of Canada and is responsible for the creation of Canada`s current flag (Maple leaf with red border)