did not have full power till 1696. He traveled to western European cities like England, Austria, Prussia, Netherlands, and Poland to make advancements in their technology. He learned western technology, home life of people, factories/ art galleries, anatomy, in west he was impressed by the Parliament in England and shipbuilding. Policy of Westernization is adapted western ides, technology, and culture as a model of change to make russia stronger. He wanted to strengthen military expand Russian borders, centralize royal power. Water ports provided people warm water throughout the year, but Peter the Great could not establish these in Russia and Catherine the Great did afterwords. St. Petersburg was made capital, was near water and artists ad architects fled there for work.