APUSH timeline

Main

Presidency and Politics

G. Washington

April 30, 1789 - March 4, 1797

No party

J. Adams

March 4, 1797 - March 4, 1801

Federalist

T. Jefferson

March 4, 1801 - March 4, 1809

Democratic republican

J. Madison

March 4, 1809 - March 4, 1817

J. Monroe

March 4, 1817 - March 4, 1825

JQA

March 4, 1825 - March 4, 1829

A. Jackson

March 4, 1829 - March 4, 1837

Democrat

M. Van Buren

Mar 4 1837 - Mar 4 1841

W.H. Harrison

March 4, 1841 - April 4, 1841

Whig

J. Tyler

April 4, 1841 - March 4, 1845

J.K. Polk

March 4, 1845 - March 4, 1849

Z. Taylor

March 4, 1849 - July 9, 1850

M. Fillmore

July 9, 1850 - March 4, 1853

F. Pierce

March 4, 1853 - March 4, 1857

J. Buchanan

March 4, 1857 - March 4, 1861

A. Lincoln

March 4, 1861 - April 15, 1865

Republican

A. Johnson

April 15, 1865 - March 4, 1869

U.S. Grant

March 4, 1869 - Mar 4 1877

R.B. Hayes

March 4, 1877 - March 4, 1881

J.A. Garfield

March 4, 1881 - September 19, 1881

C.A. Arthur

September 19, 1881 - March 4, 1885

G. Cleveland

March 4, 1885 - March 4, 1889

B. Harrison

March 4, 1889 - March 4, 1893

G. Cleveland

March 4, 1893 - March 4, 1897

W. McKinley

March 4, 1897 - September 14, 1901

T. Roosevelt

September 14, 1901 - March 4, 1909

W.H. Taft

Mar 4 1909 - Mar 4 1913

W. Wilson

Mar 4 1913 - Mar 4 1921

W.G. Harding

Mar 4 1921 - Aug 2 1923

C. Coolidge

Aug 2, 1923 - Mar 4, 1929

H. Hoover

Mar 4, 1929 - Mar 4, 1933

F.D. Roosevelt

Mar 4, 1933 - Apr 12 1945

H.S. Truman

April 12 1945 - Jan 20 1953

FDR dies

April 12 1945

D.D. Eisenhower

Jan 20 1953 - Jan 20 1961

Eisenhower wins 2nd term in a landslide

Nov 1956

against Adlai Stevenson

J.F. Kennedy

Jan 20 1961 - Nov 22, 1963

L.B. Johnson

Nov 22 1963 - Jan 20 1969

JFK assassinated

nov 22 1963

RFK assassinated

June 6 1968

R. Nixon

Jan 20 1969 - Aug 9, 1974

Watergate burglars arrested

June 17 1972

Election of '72

Nov 1972

Nixon beats McGovern 520 e.v. to 17.

Watergate burglars on trial

Feb 1973

Nixon to court over Oval Office recordings

Oct 1973

Nixon releases some tapes

April 1974

House votes to impeach Nixon

July 1974

Nixon resigns

August 8 1974

G. Ford

Aug 9, 1974 - Jan 20, 1977

J. Carter

Jan 20, 1977 - Jan 20, 1981

R. Reagan

Jan 20, 1981 - Jan 20, 1989

G.H.W. Bush

Jan 20 1989 - Jan 20 1993

B. Clinton

Jan 20 1993 - Jan 20, 2001

G.W. Bush

Jan 20, 2001 - Jan 20 2009

B. Obama

Jan 20, 2009 - Jan. 20 2017

Economics

GNP at $200 billion

1945

GM escalator clause

1948

"an automatic cost-of-living increase pegged to the consumer price index"

AFL-CIO merger

December 1955

GNP at $500 billion

1960

JFK proposes tax cut

1963

embracing Keynesian econ.

JFK tax cut passed

1964

90-day freeze of prices and wages

Aug 1971

Phase II of Nixon plan

Nov 1971

guidelines for wage and price increases. Would control inflation.

Legislation

National Security Act

1947

Dept of defense and National Security Council. Also CIA.

Taft-Hartley act

1947

created right-to-work laws

Termination laws

1953

Operation Wetback launched

1953

deportation of illegal Mexian immigrants

Federal Highway Act

1956

25 bil for highways

Congress blocks Echo Park dam

1956

Civil rights bill

1957

weak bill; supposed to protect voting rights. But was significant b/c was first since reconstruction

Housing Act

1961

Money to cities for open spaces, transit systems, middle-income housing

Equal Pay Act

1963

OEO established

1964

Title VII

1964

Amendment to Civil Rights Act of 1964

Civil Rights Act of 1964

July 2 1964

Gulf of Tonkin resolution

Aug 1964

Elementary and Secondary Education Act

1965

Medicare enacted

1965

Voting Rights Act

1965

Immigration Act of 1965

1965

Dept. of Housing & Urb. Devel. est.

1966

Medicaid enacted

1966

Indian Civil Rights Act

1968

Clean Air Act

1970

FAP fails to pass Senate

1970

Family Assistance Plan: Nixon's proposed alternative to Social Security

EPA founded

Dec. 2 1970

Affirmative action includes women

1971

ERA approved, but not ratified

1972

Clean Water Act

1972

OEO abolished

1973

Don't Ask, Don't Tell

1993

Supreme Court

Plessy v. Ferguson

1896

Brown v. Board of Education

May 17 1954

Roth v. United States

1957

curbed right of states to regulate porn

Baker v. Carr

1962

electoral districts must give equal weight to all citizens' votes

Engel v. Vitale

1962

School prayer unconstitutional

Gideon v. Wainwright

1963

felons get lawyers

Griswold v. Connecticut

1965

right to privacy

Miranda v. Arizona

1966

criminal suspects must be informed of rights by police (miranda rights)

Warren resigns; Burger appointed

1969

Roe v. Wade

1973

Right to billingual schooling

1974

United States v. Richard M. Nixon

July 1974

Nixon must release tapes

United States v. Wheeler

1978

tribes can't be terminated by Congress

Sandra Day O'Connor appointed

1981

County of Oneida v. Oneida Indian Nation

1985

Oneida treaty claims upheld in upstate NY

Ruth Bader Ginsberg appointed

1993

Sonia Sotomayor appointed

aug 2009

Elena Kagan appointed

2010

Foreign Policy

Besides wars and conflicts. May overlap, as with Cold War.

Tehran Conference

November 1943

Yalta Conference

Feb 1945

Potsdam Conference

April 23 1945

UN charter

April 25 1945

Cold War

1947 - 1991

Dates not definitive

Truman Doctrine

March 12, 1947

Marshall Plan

June 1947

Also falls under Cold War: creating a strong Europe was essential to keeping capitalism strong in the face of communism

New draft; Selective Service revived

1948

Israel indep.

May 14 1948

Truman rec. next day

NATO est.

April 4, 1949

CIA Iranian coup

1953

Drove nationalist Mossadegh from power; est. Shah as absolute ruler.

CIA topples Guzmán in Guatemala

1954

Geneva Conference

Apr 26 1954 - Jul 20 1954

Diem est. in S. Vietnam

Jul 1954

Warsaw Pact

1955

US withdraws aid to Nasser (Egypt)

1956

Khrushchev visits US for talks

1959

Castro est.

Jan 1 1959

U-2 spyplane incident

1960

days before scheduled meeting in paris between USSR and US

Thieu gov't est.

1965

Nixon Doctrine outlined

1969

Pentagon Papers pub.

June 1971

New York Times

Kissinger to China

July 1971

UN recognizes comm. China

Oct 1971

SALT I

1972

Nixon to China

Feb 1972

OPEC oil embargo

Oct 16 1973

(approx date). OPEC won't ship oil to countries supporting Israel (inc. US)

Wars and Conflicts

French and Indian War

1754 - 1763

Revolutionary War

Apr 19 1775 - Apr 11 1783

War of 1812

June 18, 1812 - Dec 24, 1814

Civil War

April 12, 1861 - May 10, 1865

Spanish-American war

Apr 25 1898 - Aug 12 1898

Philippine-American War

June 2 1899 - Jul 4 1902

US in WWI

April 6 1917 - Nov 11 1918

Vietminh created

1941

US in WWII

Dec 7 1941 - 8 may 1945

Vietminh sets up gov't of VN under Ho Chi Minh

1945

First Indochina War

Dec 19 1946 - Aug 1 1954

US supported France against VN nat'lists, at times paying 80% of France's war costs

Blockade of Berlin

June 24 1948

Berlin Airlift

June 26 1948 - April 1949

Korean War

25 June 1950 - 27 July 1953

Diem prevents elections

1956

Knowing that Ho Chi Minh would win

Vietnam War

Dec 1956 - Apr 30 1975

NLF (Viet Cong) created

1959

Bay of Pigs

Apr. 17 1961 - Apr 19 1961

Berlin wall begins

Aug 13 1961

Cuban Missile Crisis

Oct 14 1961 - Oct 26 1961

Diem suppression of Buddhism

1963

Crisis ensues

Diem assassinated

Nov 1963

Part of an American plot, approved by Kennedy

Bombings of N. VN

Feb 1965 - 1972

Troops to D. Republic

May 1965

Johnson being tough on communism

Six-Day War

June 5 1967 - June 10 1967

Tet offensive

Jan 31 1968 - Sept 23 1968

My Lai massacre

March 16, 1969

Nixon begins to take troops out of VN

Oct 1969

Lon Nol gov't est. in Cambodia

Apr 1970

Nixon will "clean out" Cambodian bases

Apr 30 1970

Trial of Lt. W. Calley for My Lai massacre

1971

Bombing of Hanoi

March 1972

Easter Offensive

March 1972

Christmas Bombing

Dec 17 1972 - Dec 30 1972

Paris Peace Accords

Jan 27 1973

Cease-fire, Am. POW's released, Thieu regime stays, N. VN troops stay in south; undefined committee will make permanent plans later.

Yom Kippur War

Oct 6 1973 - Oct 23 1973

N. VN invades S

March 1975

Lon Nol falls

Apr 1975

taken over by Pol Pot/Khmer Rouge. --> genocide.

Movements

Stephan A. Forbes pioneers ideas about ecology

1880

NCAI created

1944

National Congress of American Indians

Jackie Robinson joins Dodgers

1947

The Sand County Almanac

1949

Aldo Leopold. Argued that humans have responsibility to the earth––"land ethic"

Echo Park battle

1950

Bernard DeVoto: "Shall we let them ruin our national parks?"

In response to build a dam across the green river in Echo Park (UT and CO)

Montgomery bus boycott

Dec 1 1955 - Dec 20 1956

Rosa Parks arrested

Dec 1 1955

Central H.S. integration––Little Rock Nine

Sept 1957

Woolworth's sit-in, NC

Feb. 1960

SNCC formed

Sep 1960

Dec. of Indian Purpose

1961

Freedom rides

May 4, 1961 - Sep 1961

G. Wallace el. gov of AL

1962

SDS formed

1962

James Meredith enrolled @ UMiss

Oct 1962

black student; forcibly enrolled despite resistance

The Feminine Mystique

1963

Birmingham demonstrations begin

April 1963

MLK, nonviolence

Medgar Evers murdered

June 12, 1963

March on Washington

Aug. 28 1963

Free Speech Mvmt begins

1964

began with a dispute at UC Berkeley

Ballot or Bullet

apr 3 1964

Malcolm X speech

Harlem riots

Jul 1964

Freedom Summer

July 1964 - September 1964

Johnson supp. affirm. action

1965

Malcolm X assassinated

1965

UFW strike and boycott

1965

UMich anti-war teach-ins

1965

Selma

March 1965

voting rights demonstration

Watts Riot, Los Angeles

Aug 11 1965 - Aug 17 1965

Black Panther Party founded

1966

NOW created

1966

Fulbright war criticism hearings

Jan 1966 - 1967

Riots in Chicago and Cleveland

Jul 1966

Y. antiwar demonstrations

1967 - 1969

Detroit Riot

Jul 23 1967 - Jul 27 1967

AIM created

1968

American Indian Movement

Violent campus antiwar demonstrations

1968

Indians clash with fishermen in puget sound

1968

MLK assassinated

april 4 1968

Weathermen formed

1969

People's Park incident, Berkeley

1969

Indians claim Alcatraz Island

1969

Stonewall Riot

June 27 1969

UFW victory––union recognized

1970

First Earth Day

April 22, 1970

Kent State

May 4 1970

Nat'l guard killed 4 antiwar protesting students and injured 9 others

Jackson State

May 14 1970

Police killed 2 antiwar demonstrators

Sioux demonstrators occupy Bureau of Indian Affairs

Nov 1972

AIDS quilt

Oct. 1996

Had been created before; was laid out on the Washington Mall

Society and Culture

Urban renewal projects

1945 - 1965

tore down over 400,000 buildings; sometimes replaced them, sometimes didn't. Sometimes put up really bad housing.

17,000 TV sets

1946

Dr. Spock: Baby and Child Care first publication

1946

The Lonely Crowd published

1950

"Blackboard Jungle" film

1950

The Catcher in the Rye published

1951

"I Love Lucy" premiers

Oct. 15 1951

UNIVAC correctly predicts results of 1952 election

Nov 1952

Army-McCarthy hearings

Jan 1954 - Dec 1954

McCarthy condemned by Senate

Dec 1954

Hula hoop becomes popular

1955

First McDonald's opens

1955

"Rebel Without a Cause" film

1955

James Dean

"Howl," Alan Ginsberg

1955

The Organization Man published

1956

"Heartbreak Hotel," Elvis

1956

40 million TV sets

1957

Peak of Baby Boom

1957

On the Road published

1957

Jack Kerouac

1/3 of population lives in suburbs

1960

The Other America published

1962

Michael Harrington
socialist; talked about poverty in america & brought attention to it.

Beatles' first visit to US

1964

Princeton and Yale go co-ed

1969

Woodstock

Aug 1969

Science, Technology, and Medicine

Typhoid vaccine developed

1897

TB vaccine developed

1925

not widely used until after WWII

Penicilin discovered

1928

DDT discovered

1939

Americans learn of DDT

1942

DDT used in Italy to prevent typhus

1943 - 1944

Flu vaccine

1945

ENIAC

1946

computer developed by UPenn researchers

TV's for consumers

1946

Atomic Energy Commission est.

1946

First transistor

1948

Penicilin widely available

1948

UNIVAC

1950

better computer

US tests first H-bomb

1952

USSR tests first H-bomb

1953

Salk polio vaccine

1954

Polio vaccine free to public

1955

Sputnik launched

1957

Explorer I launched

Jan 1958

(US)

Color TV developed

1958

NASA created

1958

Polaris missile fired from underwater

1960

Oral polio vaccine

1960

First American to space

May 5, 1961

Alan Shepard

First American orbits the earth

Feb 2 1962

John Glenn

Apollo II lunar expedition

August 1969

Challenger explosion

Jan 1986