World History Timeline

Events

Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife are assassinated

June 28 1914
  1. Archduke Franz Ferdinand heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and his wife are assassinated in Sarajevo.

Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.

July 28 1914
  1. Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.
    As an ally of Serbia, Russia announces full mobilization of her armed forces.

Germany declares war on France.

August 3 1914

Germany declares war on France.

Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia.

August 6 1914
  1. Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia.

First trenches of the Western front are dug.

September 15 1914

First trenches of the Western front are dug.

War becomes "Total War"

January 1915
  1. War becomes "Total War" with German Zeppelin air raid on England

Germany declares submarine blockade of Great Britain.

February 4 1915
  1. Germany declares a submarine blockade of Great Britain. Any ship approaching England is considered a legitimate target.

Allies begin nine-month battle for the Turkish peninsula of Gallipoli

April 25 1915

Allies begin nine-month battle for the Turkish peninsula of Gallipoli

U-boat sinks the Lusitania. 1,198 civilians, including 128 Americans die.

May 7 1915
  1. U-boat sinks the Lusitania. 1,198 civilians, including 128 Americans die.

Germany responds to U.S. anger by ceasing to sink ships without warning.

August 30 1915
  1. Germany responds to U.S. anger by ceasing to sink ships without warning.

Allies begin withdrawal of troops from Gallipoli

December 28 1915
  1. Allies begin withdrawal of troops from Gallipoli.

US President Wilson warns Germany not to continue submarine warfare

April 19 1916
  1. US President Wilson publicly warns Germany not to continue unrestricted submarine warfare policies

Battle of the Somme

July 1 1916 - November 18 1916
  1. The Battle of the Somme results in an estimated one million casualties and no breakthrough for the Allies. British introduce the tank, an effective weapon but far to few to make much of a difference.

Reich Foreign Secretary Zimmermann's telegram to Mexico

January 19 1917
  1. Reich Foreign Secretary Zimmermann's telegram to Mexico urging her entry into war against the United States is discovered and translated by the British.

Germany again declares unrestricted submarine warfare.

February 1 1917
  1. Germany again declares unrestricted submarine warfare.

President Wilson asks Congress for a declaration of war with Imperial Germany.

April 16 1917
  1. President Wilson asks Congress for a declaration of war with Imperial Germany.

The first wave of the American Expeditionary Force lands in France.

July 3 1917
  1. The first wave of the American Expeditionary Force lands in France.

American troops in France fire their first shot in trench warfare.

October 23 1917
  1. American troops in France fire their first shot in trench warfare.

The new Russian government signs an armistice with Germany.

December 3 1917
  1. The new Russian government, represented by Leon Trotsky, signs an armistice with Germany.

President Woodrow Wilson declares 14 points as the path to world peace.

January 8, 1918

President Woodrow Wilson declares his 14 points as the path to permanent world peace.

Germans first of five major offensive to win the war.

March 21 1918
  1. Germans launch the first of five major offensives to win the war before American troops appear in the trenches. German advance is finally stopped in late June

Allied offensives on the Somme push the German army back and into retreat

August 8 1918
  1. Allied counter offensives on the Somme push the German army back and into retreat

Turks sign armistice

October 30 1918
  1. Turks sign armistice

A German republic is founded.

November 10 1918
  1. A German republic is founded.

The war ends as Germany and Allies sign an Armistice.

November 11 1918
  1. At eleven o'clock on the eleventh day of the eleventh month of 1918, the war ends as Germany and Allies sign an Armistice.

Peace Treaty signed by German delegates and Allies in Versailles.

June 28 1919
  1. Peace Treaty signed by German delegates and Allies in Versailles.

United States Senate fails to ratify the Treaty of Versailles.

March 19 1920
  1. The United States Senate fails to ratify the Treaty of Versailles and U.S. involvement in the League of Nations.

Gave woman the legal right to vote was ratified.

August 26 1920
  1. The 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which gave women the legal right to vote, was ratified.