Depose Elizabeth I for Mary Queen of Scots, (after 1587 the Infanta)
Parma's army to be collected and invade the South
English Catholics to rise in support.
Needed a Deep Sea Water Port to Embark their troops. The Port of Flushing was occupied by Dutch rebels, so they moved to Gravelines.
Duke of Medina Sidonia appointed as commander, a General rather than an Admiral.
Sailed in a crescent formation.
Sighted in Cornwall at the Lizard and beacons were lit in warning.
Armada harassed all the way up the channel by the smaller more maneuverable English ships.
Armada take port in Gravelines. English sent fire ships into the port at night. The Spanish panic at cut their anchors.
The Spanish armada are blown north. They are shipwrecked in both Scotland and Ireland where they were assaulted.