Cicero Timeline

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Marcus Tullius Cicero was born at Arpinum on the 3 January.

106 B.C

His brother Quintus born.

104 B.C

He recieves his education in philosophy and rhetoric.

94 B.C - 90 B.C

Cicero serves in the army

90 B.C.

Cicero serves in the army in the Social War under Gnaeus Pompeius Strabo, father of Pompey the Great.

Studies law

89 B.C.

Studies law under Quintus Mucius Scaevola and Scaevola’s cousin of the same name.

Cicero has his first case

81 B.C.

Cicero has his first case, Pro Quinctio, starting his career as a successful lawyer.

Marries Terentia.

80 B.C. - 79 B.C.

Marries Terentia. They have two children, Tullia (b. c.78) and Marcus Tullius Cicero (b. 65).

Successfully defends Sextus Roscius Amerinus

79 B.C.

Successfully defends Sextus Roscius Amerinus against a charge of parricide.

Travels to Greece

79 B.C. - 77 B.C.

Travels to Greece and the eastern Mediterranean.

Cicero is elected as a Quaestor

75 B.C.

Cicero is elected as a Quaestor - he now qualifies to sit in the senate, meaning he has much more power and influence.

Cicero successfully prosecutes Verres for extortion

70 B.C.

Cicero successfully prosecutes Verres for extortion, and conducts the case brilliantly, making himself famous among the law courts of Rome.

Made Aedile an Orator

69 B.C.

He is made Aedile because of his great skill as an orator, which makes him excellent at convincing the public to vote for him.

Made Praetor

66 B.C.

He is made praetor and delivers De Imperio Gn. Pompei, a speech supporting the transfer of the command to Pompey. Cicero then foregoes the governship of a province for the upcoming election of the consuls.

Elected Consul

63 B.C.

He is elected consul, with Gaius Antonius, whose consent Cicero buys by yielding to him the governorship of Macedonia for the following year. Cicero delivers Pro Murena, in defense of one of the consuls for 62 who had been accused by Cato of rigging the polls.

The “First Triumvirate” is formed, in which Cicero refuses to participate

60 B.C.

Clodius is tribune

58 B.C.

Clodius is tribune of the people and declares Cicero an exile for dismissal of Roman citizenship

Cicero returns from exile.

57 B.C.

Renewal of “First Triumvirate”.

56 B.C.

Renewal of “First Triumvirate”. Cicero delivers in the senate the speech De Provinciis Consularibus, in favour of Caesar.

Tullia marries Furius Crassipes

55 B.C.

Tullia marries Furius Crassipes. Cicero publishes De Oratore, on rhetoric, and In Pisonem, a dangerous speech because it attacked Calpurnius Piso, Caesar’s father-in-law.

Cicero was honoured highly enough to be elected to the college of augurs.

53 B.C.

Cicero’s daughter Tullia is divorced by Crassipes.

52 B.C.

Cicero publishes De Re Publica

51 B.C.

Cicero publishes De Re Publica (On the Republic) and is governor of Cilicia from summer 51 to summer 50.

Tullia remarries Cornelius Dolabella

50 B.C.

Tullia, against her father’s judgment, decides to remarry Cornelius Dolabella.

• Caesar crosses the Rubicon on the 11th January

49 B.C.

Caesar crosses the Rubicon on the 11th January causing the beginning of a civil war. After a personal meeting with Caesar on the 28th March, Cicero decides not to attend the session of the senate which Caesar has called in Rome, and subsequently joins the camp of Pompey in Greece – aggravating Caesar.

Pompey is defeated

48 B.C.

Pompey is defeated, and therefore murdered, so Caesar is appointed dictator. In October Cicero returns to Italy, but unfortunately on the orders of Mark Antony can go no farther than Brundisium.

Meets Caesar

47 B.C.

In September he meets Caesar, who gives him permission to go where he likes.

Cato commits suicide

46 B.C.

Cato commits suicide, and Cicero writes an eloquent tribute. Caesar’s rebuttal to this, Anticato, strives unsuccessfully to tarnish Cato’s name. Cicero then divorces Terentia and marries Publilia, a teenager with money who is his ward.

Cicero’s writings

46 B.C. - 44 B.C.

Cicero’s writings of this period include Brutus, a dialogue on orators and oratory, Consolatio, on the deaths of great men, Academica, on the philosophical doctrines of the Greek Academy, Tusculanae Disputationes, on happiness, De Natura Deorum, on the gods, De Fato (On Destiny), and the essays De Senectute (On Old Age), De Amicitia (On Friendship), and De Officiis (On Duty).

Cicero’s daughter dies

45 B.C.

Cicero’s daughter dies and Cicero divorces Publilia, shortly after their marriage.

Cicero delivers his “Philippics”

44 B.C.

Cicero delivers his “Philippics” against Mark Antony – damning and condemning him.

Cicero dies

42 B.C.

Second Triumvirate orders the death of Cicero and he is executed.