This timeline depicts various disputes over the question of succession to European monarchies in the Enlightenment and Romanticism periods. In the majority of these cases, a crisis forms after the death of the previous king or queen with no living children. At times, the situation is more complicated with no close relatives remaining, or even the extinction of an entire house. At other times, the succession is clear but challenged for political or religious reasons. The events included on the timeline portray a Europe whose governmental system is quickly sinking under its own weight. The question of absolute power is not decided lightly, nor is it safe to leave in the care of royals who topple the whole system through fathering illegitimate children or dying. Absolute monarchy is shown to be fundamentally flawed by its inherent instability of succession.