The Netherlands Timeline (1556 - 1588)

In relation to Edexcel A2 unit 3 Early Modern History, Tudor England 1536 - 1588, specifically the reign of Elizabeth I

Ruler of the Netherlands

Philip II of Spain

1556 - 1588

Abdication of Charles V

1556

William of Orange

1568 - 1584

Rebel Leader

William of Orange effective ruler of the Netherlands

1575

Maurice of Nassau

1584 - 1588

New rebel leader

Assassination of William of Orange

1584

By a Catholic fanatic (with connections with Spain)

Events

Trade embargo with England

1563 - 1565

Imposed by Philip II

Revolt in the Netherlands

1566 - 1588

Iconcoclasm challenge Philip II rule

1566

Can be seen as the start of the revolt of the Netherlands

Many Dutch Protestants flee to England and France

1567

Arrival of the Duke of Alva's Army in the Netherlands

1567

Alarming to England

Defeat of the Dutch Rebels

1568

Elizabeth I of England supports harassment of Spanish Shipping in the New World

1568

Gold Bullion Affiar

1568

Elizabeth I of England sized Spanish Gold Bullion from Ships docked in England

Alva executed 80 City Fathers

1568

Included the Counts of Egmont of Hoorn

Elizabeth give shelter to Dutch "Sea Beggars"

1568 - 1572

"Sea Beggars" Dutch, Clavanist/Anabaptist Pirates

Trade Embargo with England

1568 - 1573

Sea Beggars expelled from England

1572

Convention of Nymegan

1573

Restoration of trade with England

2nd Bankruptcy of Philip II

1575 - 1578

Unable to pay the army in the Netherlands, which melts away

Sack of Antwerp

1576

AKA "the Spanish Fury"

Arrival of the Duke of Parma and his army

1578

Southern Provinces under Spanish control

1579

Parma's army success

Duc d'Anjou in the Netherlands with 10,000 men

1581 - 1583

Financed by Elizabeth I of England, achieves little
Defeated and returns home

Parma recaptured Antwerp

1585

Rebels still controlled the Deep-Sea Water Port of Flushing

Treaty of Nonsuch

1585

Elizabeth I and the Dutch Rebels
Elizabeth wants to restore the semi-autonomy of the Netherlands

7000 English troops under the Earl of Leicester

1585 - 1588

There until Elizabeth's death in 1603

Spanish Armada

1588

Planned use of Parma's army in the invasion of England, fails