Chronological Development of State-Level Societies

Mesopotamia

6,500 bc - 4,200 bc
5,900 bc - 4,200 bc
4,200 bc - 3,000 bc
3,300 bc - 1,200 bc
3100 bc - 2334 bc
2,334 bc - 2,230 bc
2004 bc - 1595 bc
1650 bc - 1200 bc
1200 bc - 550 bc
1000 bc - 700 bc
911 bc - 612 bc
612 bc - 539 bc

Egyptian Culture

4500 bc - 2920 bc
2950 bc - 2580 bc
2580 bc - 2134 bc
2134 bc - 2040 bc
2040 bc - 1640 bc
1640 bc - 1550 bc
1550 bc - 1070 bc
1070 bc - 730 bc
730 bc - 332 bc

Mediterranean

3,200 bc - 1,400 bc
3,200 bc - 2,100 bc
2,100 bc - 1,700 bc
1,700 bc - 1,400 bc
1,600 bc - 1,050 bc

Indus Valley/Harappan Culture

3500 bc - 2600 bc
2600 bc - 1900 bc

Chinese Culture

2000 bc - 1500 bc
1750 bc - 1027 bc
1100 bc - 221 bc

Lowland Mesoamerica

1,500 bc - 500 bc
1,000 bc - 1,520 ad
1000 bc - 200 ad
200 ad - 900 ad
900 ad - 1520 ad

Highland Mesoamerica

800 bc - 700 ad
200 bc - 750 ad
650 ad - 1200 ad
1200 ad - 1521 ad

South America

1800 bc - 900 bc
900 bc - 200 bc
200 bc - 700 ad
200 ad - 600 ad
600 ad - 1000 ad
600 ad - 1000 ad
600 ad - 1000 ad
700 ad - 1460 ad
1100 ad - 1460 ad
1438 ad - 1534 ad
1476 ad - 1534 ad