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Chronological Development of State-Level Societies
Chalcolithic Period - Increased Urbanization, Emergence of Temples, Copper Use.
6,500 bc - 4,200 bc
Ubiad Culture - Social Complexity First Seen with Eridu being the Largest Site.
5,900 bc - 4,200 bc
Uruk Culture - Copper Casting, Plow Agriculture. Writing: Stamp Seals.
4,200 bc - 3,000 bc
Bronze Age - Appearance of Palaces, Bronze Technology, Irrigation Systems.
3,300 bc - 1,200 bc
Sumerian Culture - Constructed Ziggurat Temple at Ur at Approx. 2,300 BC
3100 bc - 2334 bc
Akkadian Culture - Ruler Sargon Conquered the Sumerians. Naram-Sin Was His Son.
2,334 bc - 2,230 bc
Babylonian Culture - Hammurabai: King of Babylon and Conquered Uruk.
2004 bc - 1595 bc
Hittite Culture - Sea Traders, 8 Written Languages, Capitol City: Boghazkoy,
1650 bc - 1200 bc
Iron Age - Sea Peoples Plunder Cities and Take Advantage of Early Iron Age.
1200 bc - 550 bc
Phoenician Culture - Reestablished Old Trade Routes, New Sailing Technology.
1000 bc - 700 bc
Assyrian Culture - Built Roads and Domes at Capitol (Ninevah 645 BC).
911 bc - 612 bc
Neo-Babylonian Culture - Conquered All of Southern Meso. from Assyrians.
612 bc - 539 bc
Pre-Dynastic Period - Menes Conquered Lower Egypt and Founded Memphis.
4500 bc - 2920 bc
Early Dynastic Period - Increase in Hieroglyphs - War Depicted.
2950 bc - 2580 bc
Old Kingdom - Large Pyramids Built at Giza by Khufu, Kheper, and Khafre.
2580 bc - 2134 bc
First Intermediate Period - 100 years of political instability, Thebes Built.
2134 bc - 2040 bc
Middle Kingdom - Dynasties 11-13, Capitol Moved from Memphis to Thebes.
2040 bc - 1640 bc
Middle Intermediate Period - Hyksos Move Capitol Back to Memphis.
1640 bc - 1550 bc
New Kingdom - Dynasties 18-20, Akhenaton (1350 bc) Changed Egypt to Monotheism.
1550 bc - 1070 bc
Third Intermediate Period - More Self-Sufficient, Trade Route Breakdown.
1070 bc - 730 bc
Late Period - Dynasties 25-31, Nubian Kings Rule and Reestablish Old Religion.
730 bc - 332 bc
Minoan Culture - Founded on the Island of Crete, Best Documented at Knossos.
3,200 bc - 1,400 bc
Pre-Palatial Period - Grain Cultivation, Ore Mined for Tools and Ornaments.
3,200 bc - 2,100 bc
Old Palace Period - Linear A Writing, Accounting Records.
2,100 bc - 1,700 bc
New Palace Period - No Evidence of Warfare, Mycenaeans Take Over at 1,400 BC.
1,700 bc - 1,400 bc
Mycenaean Culture - Took Over After Minoan Demise Due to Volcanos and Tsunami.
1,600 bc - 1,050 bc
Indus Valley/Harappan Culture
Early Indus Period - Near Identical Cities (e.g. Rahman Dehri and Kot Diji).
3500 bc - 2600 bc
Harappan Period - More Standardization, pottery, jewelry; Settlement Hierarchies
2600 bc - 1900 bc
Xia Dynasty - Developed out of Longshan Culture, A Major City: Deng Fung.
2000 bc - 1500 bc
Shang Dynasty - Founded by Tang who Erected a City Called Po. 30 Kings.
1750 bc - 1027 bc
Zhou Dynasty - Conquered Shang, Move Capitol Further East to Luoyang, More War.
1100 bc - 221 bc
Olmec Culture - Best Known for Artwork (Were-Jaguars and Large Basalt Heads).
1,500 bc - 500 bc
Maya Culture - Cuello Site: Earliest Evidence of Mayans.
1,000 bc - 1,520 ad
Pre-Classic Period - Nakbe Site: One of the Largest Early Sites, Causeways.
1000 bc - 200 ad
Classic Period - Elaborate Writing System on Stone Slabs Called Stelae.
200 ad - 900 ad
Post-Classic Period - Maya Collapse between AD 800-1,000.
900 ad - 1520 ad
Monte Alban Culture - 20 Temples, Many Depictions of Warfare, Ball Court.
800 bc - 700 ad
Teotihuacan Culture-Took Control Via Military Campaign-600 Pyramids-500 Workshop
200 bc - 750 ad
Toltec Culture - Temples, Pyramids, and Ballcourts in 1,200 AD When Empire Fell.
650 ad - 1200 ad
Aztec Culture - Empire Reached its Height During Ahuitzotl's Reign in 1486–1502.
1200 ad - 1521 ad
Initial Period - The Cumbe Mayo Aqueduct was Built c. 1,000 BC.
1800 bc - 900 bc
Early Horizon - Chavin de Huantar Site (1500BC) Shows Elaborate Iconography.
900 bc - 200 bc
Moche Culture - Warriors went to war to specifically take captives.
200 bc - 700 ad
Early Intermediate Period - Period of the Moche Culture.
200 ad - 600 ad
Middle Horizon - Monumental Buildings such as Tiwanaku. Influenced Peruvians.
600 ad - 1000 ad
Tiwanaku Culture - Much Use of Copper Technologies and Trade from Lake Shores.
600 ad - 1000 ad
Wari Culture - Sate-Controlled Food Supplies, Roads, and Labor.
600 ad - 1000 ad
Late Intermediate Period - Included Sican Culture (peaked between AD 900-1,100).
700 ad - 1460 ad
Chimu Culture - Inca ruler Tupac Inca Yupanqui conquered Chimú around 1470 AD.
1100 ad - 1460 ad
Inca Culture - Largest Empire in Pre-Columbian America. Known for Machu Picchu.
1438 ad - 1534 ad
Late Horizon - Period of Inca Domination and Rule.
1476 ad - 1534 ad
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