The Arabs in the Middle East were the center of many events regarding numerous countries and were of often caught in the middle of many conflicts, violence, protests etc. Many important topics concerning Arabs included oil, wars, Israel, terrorism and Arab spring. Numerous changes have taken place from the beginning of this timeline to the current period.
In order to assure "stability" and security
This was an agreement between Britian and France to carve up Arab Provinces of the Empire between themselves
Britain promised Hussein, ruler of Mecca, that an independent Arab state will be formed in return for overthrowing the Ottoman Empire (which the Arabs did but Britain did not hold their end of the deal)
Due to Saudis' aspirations of increasing wealth and reducing poverty, they signed a six year agreement with Standard Oil of California which permitted SOCAL to explore Saudia Arabia for oil. Kuwait also did the same thing.
Israel became established with the help of the US and formally became a country however, many Arab nations refused to recognize it. Countries such as Egypt and Jordan invaded Israel. As a result, ceasefire lines became the borders of Israel.
Nationalist militaries overthrew kingdoms in Egypt, Syria, Iraq and Libya
Nasser, a former army colonel, became the leader of Egypt and was known as the leader of the Arab world and supported pan-Arabism and condemned Israel
Conflict between Israel and Egypt, Syria, and Jordan. Israel decisively won the conflict and would lead to the next round of fighting.
After Sadat became the leader of Egypt in 1970, Egypt and Syria attacked Israel in October 1973 on Yom Kippur in order to regain Sinai Peninsula and initially was successful before driven back by Israel and lost.
Saud, Saudi Arabian King, started an oil embargo in protest of US support of Israel. Oil prices skyrocketed.
US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger negotiated the end of the conflict between Israel and Egypt and Syria and left out the Soviet Union which ultimately lead to the end of the embargo.
Civil erupted in Lebanon. Israel invaded Lebanon in 1982 to root out PLO
Egypt agreed to recognize Israel in exchange for Israel's withdrawal from the Sinai Peninsula and both Egypt and Israel received money from the US. Sadat was later assassinated for his actions.
Khomeni takes control of Iran after Pahlavi left due to increasing violence. Khomeni purged Westurn culture and viewed the US as an enemy. US embassy staff were held hostages as a result
Iraq's Saddam Hussein wanted to take over Iran and stop the spread of Iran's Islamist revolution. US later supported Iraq in 1986 but also gave supplies to Iran in hopes of releasing hostages which partially worked. This ended in a stalemate with not victors
Hussein invaded Kuwait as he believed the oil in Kuwait was his.
US and allies sent in to prevent Iraq from taking over Kuwait and was successful. This angered extremists such as Bin Laden as they believed they were weak in the US's perspective
Terrorist attacks led by Bin Laden in America was the biggest factor that brought the Middle East in to the world spotlight and would encounter more conflicts as part of the war on terroism
The US invaded Iraq as part of the response to 9/11 and declared that Iraq had wmd (false evidence. This would lead to an increase of insurgency as hatred began to form
Protests in Iran for reform
Iran admitted it has a secret uranium enrichment plant in 2009. UN reported that Iran had a nuclear progam that could have a military aspect. Iran's president, Ahmadinejad, strongly defended Iran and was hostile toward Israel.
Massive protests against authoritarian governments
Mubarak steps down in Egypt due to protests. Saleh stepped down in Yemen. Bahrain protests put down. Saudi Arabia increased benefits for unemployed, raised salaries for goverment workers and increased civil rights especially for women. Syria, however, is still currently in a civil between Assad's forces and protestors