APUSH Timelines

Sectionalism, Civil War, and Reconstruction; Intolerance and Threats to Civil Liberties; Wars In American History; Development of American Parties;

Sectionalism, Civil War, and Reconstruction

The Missouri Compromise

March 3, 1820 - 1854

The Missouri compromise settled the dispute over whether or not the new Western territories would be slave or free areas. It was decide that slavery would be prohibited north of the 36 30 line except in Missouri. This temporarily southed the tensions between the North and the South. It was repealed by The Kansas-Nebraska Act in 1854.

The Tariff of 1832 is enacted

July 14, 1832 - 1833

The Tariff was intend to protect Northern industry and inadvertently hurt the exportation of otto in the South. South Carolina threatened to secede from the Union if the tariff was not repealed, causing the Nullification Crisis of 1832. It was repealed by the Compromise Tariff Of 1833. Part of the conflict was caused by the factionalism feelings throughout the country and it resulted in increased aggression between the two sections the US saw themselves as. These feelings would climax in the South seceding from the Union and the Civil War beginning.

The Compromise Tariff of 1833

1833

This tariff repealed the Tariff of 1832 and kept South Carolina from seceding from the Union. The feelings of aggression were, unfortunately, still present between the North and the South.

Wilmot Proviso

August 8, 1846 - 1848

Wilmot Proviso was a precursor to the Compromise Of 1850. It was proposed as a solution to the issue about slavery in the newly acquired from the Mexican War. The Proviso would have banned slavery in all the territory acquired in the war. It got shot down and then was reintroduced in 1847, but got shot down again. In 1848 an attempt was made to include it in a treaty but that too got shot down.

California's Statehood

October 18, 1849

California petitions to join the Union as a free state, thus throwing the delicate balance off. It is later admitted as a free state in the Compromise of 1850.

The Compromise of 1850

September 9, 1850

The Compromise of 1850 balanced the delicate issue of slavery in a way that prevented secession from the Union at this point in time. It nullifies the Missouri Compromise of 1820.

Uncle Tom's Cabin

March 20, 1852

This expose turned many of the indifferent Northerners into strong willed abolitionists, therefore keeping a hot topic in the nation and putting another nail in the coffin of pre Civil War America.

Kansas-Nebraska Act Passed

1854

The act left the question of slavery in Kansas and Nebraska up to popular sovereignty in the respective states. This leads to multiple bloody riots and the further division of the US. It was a major cause of the Civil War.

Dred Scott vs. Sandford

February 11, 1856 - March 6, 1857

Dred Scott tries to sue his masters in order to attain freedom. The Dred Scott jury declared that black people, regardless of free status or slave status, could not sue because they were not Americans. The case turned the topic of slavery from hot to a blazing wildfire that was now roaring through the nation. This strengthened the Southern cause who now felt that the restrictions on slavery were violations of their own freedoms and angered the Northern cause.

Lincoln-Douglas Debates

August 21, 1858 - October 15, 1858

The debates over slavery helped Lincoln bag the presidency in 1858 and sparked the Southern hatred for Lincoln. These debates were a taste of what was to come in the 1860 election.

Raid on Harpers Ferry

October 16, 1859 - October 18, 1859

John Brown leads a raid on Harper's Ferry.

Reconstruction Ends

1877

Hayes gets the presidency and reconstruction ends.

Intolerance and Threats to Civil Liberties

The Alien and Sedition Acts were passed

1798 - 1802

The Alien and Sedition Acts changed citizenship laws from 5 to 14 years. The acts encroached on the right to freedom of speech. They also allowed the president to deport people. The acts were intolerant of immigrants and threatened the right to freedom of speech.

Gadsden Treaty

December 30, 1853

Civil War

April 12, 1861

Reconstruction

January 1, 1863

First Ku Klux Klan

1865 - 1877

Plessy vs. Ferguson

April 13, 1896 - May 18, 1896

Plessy vs. Ferguson ruled that segregation was legal.

Sedition Act of 1918

May 16, 1918 - December 13, 1920

It bans talking bad about the government. It was repealed in December 1920.

Red Summer

1919

Massive race riots against African Americans due to widespread fear of Communism.

WWII

September 1, 1939 - September 2, 1945

The us officially joined the war on December 8, 1941. The US was intolerant of Japanese Americans after the attacks on Pearl Harbor.

Brown vs. The Board of Education

December 9, 1952 - May 17, 1954

Brown vs. The Board of Education stated that segregated schools were unconstitutional and ordered that schools be integrated.

Wars In American History

The French And Indian War

May 28, 1754 - February 10, 1763

The French And Indian War was an extension of the Seven Years War that was taking place in Europe as a result of aggression between France and England. Each country sent troops to back up their respective colonies. The war ended in 1763 with the first Treaty of Paris. Britain gained control of French Canada. They are also left with a ton of debt. They feel that the colonies should pay for some of the debt since part of the debt came from the colonies. The colonies on the other hand felt they had been dragged into a war they did not want to be a part of and therefore felt they should not be responsible for the debt. The British started taxing the colonies, which begins the ill will for Britain in the colonies and eventually leads to the Revolutionary War. The British issue the Royal Proclamation of 1763 which kicks people out of their land. The French And Indian War brings about the end of salutary neglect.

Pontiac's War

1763 - 1766

An extension of the French and Indian war

Battles of Lexington and Concord

April 19, 1775

First battles of the Revolutionary War.

The Revolutionary War

April 19, 1775

War Of 1812

June 18, 1812 - February 18, 1815

Treaty of Ghent

December 24, 1814

Officially Ends the War of 1812.

The Mexican American War

April 25, 1846 - February 2, 1848

Battle At Fort Sumter

April 12, 1861

Civil War Begins

Civil War

April 12, 1861

Lee Surrenders

April 9, 1865

The Spanish American War

April 25, 1898 - August 12, 1898

America wins the War and signs the Treaty of Paris. The US gains control over Cuba.

Wilson's 14 points

Jan 8, 1918

US in WWII

December 8, 1941

Korean War

June 25, 1950 - July 27, 1953

Communism is spreading by way of North Korea.

Korean Armistice Agreement Signed

July 27, 1953

This ends the Korean War.

The Geneva Conference

April 26, 1954 - July 20, 1954

Paris Peace Accords

January 27, 1973

The treaty was signed. This ended the Vietnam War.

Development of American Parties

2nd Presidential Election

November 2, 1792 - December 5, 1792

It was a closer variation to modern elections. George Washington was re-elected with John Adams as a vice president. It was the first election with two parries running and therefore help mold our nation to the two party system we have today. It also introduced Democratic-Republicanism and Federalism to the nation.

8th Presidential Election/Death Of Federalist Party

November 1,1816 - December 4, 1816

James Monroe, Democratic-Republican, won the presidency. Monroe continued the D-R reign and the election killed the Federalist party.

10th Presidential Election

October 26, 1824 - December 2, 1824

19th Presidential Election

November 6, 1860

Lincoln was the first Republican President. This election causes the South to secede from the Union.

Political Party in Power

G Wash

April 30, 1789 - March 4, 1797

Independent

F JA

March 4, 1797 - March 4, 1801

Federalist John Adams

DR T.Jef.

March 4, 1801 - March 4, 1809

Democratic-Republican

J.Mad

March 4, 1809 - March 4, 1817

Democratic-Republican James Madison

J.Mon

March 4, 1817 - March 4, 1825

Democratic-Republican James Monroe

JQA

March 4, 1825 - March 4, 1829

Democratic-Republican Death of party?

D AJ

March 4, 1829 - March 4, 1837

Democratic Birth of New party

MB

March 4, 1837 - March 4, 1841

Democrat Martin Van Buren

W

March 4, 1841 - April 4, 1841

William Henry Harrison Whig

JT

April 4, 1841 - March 4, 1845

Whig John Tyler

Political Scandals

Andrew Johnson is Impeached

1868

Cornering the Gold Market/Black Friday

September 24, 1869

Jay Gould and James Fisk attempt to corner the US gold market cause the economy to crash.

Crédit Mobilier

1872

Salary Grab Act

1873

Gave raises to the president and congress.

IRS Investigation

1950

The IRS fires 166 of Truman's employees.

Watergate Scandal

1972 - 1973

Nixon cheats somehow in the presidential election.

Koreagate

1976

30 members of congress are bribed by Koreans.

Iran Contra Affair

November 3, 1986

Foreign Policy

Neutrality Act

August 31, 1935

World war II

December 8, 1941

Cairo Conference

November 22, 1943

Immigration Reform and Control Act

1986

Gulf War

August 2, 1990 - February 28, 1991

Patriot Act

October 26, 2001