8th Grade History Timeline

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508 BC- Democracy develops in Athens

508 BC

Athenian democracy developed in the Greek city-state of Athens, comprising the central city-state of Athens and the surrounding territory of Attica, around 508 BC. Athens was one of the first known democracies. Other Greek cities set up democracies, and even though most followed an Athenian model, none were as powerful, stable, or as well-documented as that of Athens.

431 BC- Peloponnesian War begins

431 BC

The Peloponnesian War ( 431 - 404 B.C )
The War fought between the two leading city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta.

404 BC- Athens surrenders, ending the Peloppnnesian War

404 BC

In 405 BC the Spartan general Ly sander defeated the Athenian fleet in battle. With the fleet defeated, the people in the city of Athens began to starve. They did not have the army to take on the Spartans on land. In 404 BC the city of Athens surrendered to the Spartans.

The city-states of Corinth and Thebes wanted the city of Athens destroyed and the people enslaved. However, Sparta disagreed. They made the city tear down its walls, but refused to destroy the city or enslave its people.

44 BC- Julius Caesar becomes dictator for life;ending the republic

44 BC

The first conspirator greeted Caesar, then plunged a knife into his neck. Other stabbers followed suit. One by one, several members of the Senate took turns stabbing Julius Caesar (100-44 B.C.E.), the dictator of the entire Roman Empire.

1 AD-Jesus was born, according to the Christian tradition

1 AD

Jesus Christ was born in Bethlehem to Mary (his mother) and his stepfather(Joesph).

33 AD- Jesus was crucfied for challenging the Roman dogma

33 AD

Jesus was crucified because he was teaching about God to a lot of Romans. He had a lot Jew followers who considered him the "Son of God" after his death.

64 AD- Nero began to officially persecute Christians

64 AD

After falsely blaming the Christians for a fire than burned down all of Rome, Nero began to persecute anyone who practiced Christianity.

80 AD- The Colosseum is completed

80 AD

The Colosseum started to be built in 72 ad by the emperor Vespasian and was completed by his son Titus in 80 ad.

180 AD Pax Romana ends..

180 AD

This was the year of the almost 200 years of Peace in Rome ended. During this time there wasn't any major wars and they excelled in Art philosophy science and agriculture.

285 AD- Diocletian divides the empire

285 AD

Diocletian divided the empire into the Western Roman empire and the Eastern Byzantine empire for easier control.

313 AD-Constantine ended the persecution of Christians

313 AD

After having a dream where the christian god came and told him to use the cross as the symbol for a battle he was going to and winning he freed the Christians as thanks.

330 AD- Constantine built new Rome in modern day Turkey.

330 AD

Constantine built a city in what is now called turkey and named it Constantinople after himself.

380 AD- Theodosius made Christianity the offical religion of Rome

380 AD

After years of Rome persecuting Christians then freeing Christians they accepted there religion and made it so everyone had to practice Christianity or they were persecuted.

395 AD Theodosius officially split the Roman Empire.

395 AD

Made the western Roman empire and the Eastern Byzantine empire completely different empires and ruled the Western empire.

410 AD Alaric (Goths) destroyed Rome.

410 AD

Alaric a leader of the goths blockaded Rome, causing them to have no food medicine etc. Romans turned to cannibalism during this time.

476 AD Western Empire collapses

476 AD

A man named Odoacer went into Rome and took over. He killed the Emperor and named himself king of Italy. There wasn't a success for the emperor. This is known as the year the western empire fell.

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