Athenian democracy developed in the Greek city-state of Athens, comprising the central city-state of Athens and the surrounding territory of Attica, around 508 BC. Athens was one of the first known democracies. Other Greek cities set up democracies, and even though most followed an Athenian model, none were as powerful, stable, or as well-documented as that of Athens.
431 BC- Peloponnesian War begins
The Peloponnesian War ( 431 - 404 B.C )
The War fought between the two leading city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta.
404 BC- Athens surrenders, ending the Peloppnnesian War
In 405 BC the Spartan general Ly sander defeated the Athenian fleet in battle. With the fleet defeated, the people in the city of Athens began to starve. They did not have the army to take on the Spartans on land. In 404 BC the city of Athens surrendered to the Spartans.
The city-states of Corinth and Thebes wanted the city of Athens destroyed and the people enslaved. However, Sparta disagreed. They made the city tear down its walls, but refused to destroy the city or enslave its people.
44 BC- Julius Caesar becomes dictator for life;ending the republic
The first conspirator greeted Caesar, then plunged a knife into his neck. Other stabbers followed suit. One by one, several members of the Senate took turns stabbing Julius Caesar (100-44 B.C.E.), the dictator of the entire Roman Empire.
1 AD-Jesus was born, according to the Christian tradition
Jesus Christ was born in Bethlehem to Mary (his mother) and his stepfather(Joesph).
33 AD- Jesus was crucfied for challenging the Roman dogma
Jesus was crucified because he was teaching about God to a lot of Romans. He had a lot Jew followers who considered him the "Son of God" after his death.
64 AD- Nero began to officially persecute Christians
After falsely blaming the Christians for a fire than burned down all of Rome, Nero began to persecute anyone who practiced Christianity.
80 AD- The Colosseum is completed
The Colosseum started to be built in 72 ad by the emperor Vespasian and was completed by his son Titus in 80 ad.
180 AD Pax Romana ends..
This was the year of the almost 200 years of Peace in Rome ended. During this time there wasn't any major wars and they excelled in Art philosophy science and agriculture.