Russian Revolution

People

Alexander I

1805 - 1825

The very first Alexander.

Nicholas I

1825 - 1855

Did not want change in governemnt and refused to free serfs.

Alexander II

1855 - 1881

Freed the serfs in 1861.
Gave peasants right of public trial.

Alexander III

1881 - 1894

Strengthen autocracy, orthodoxy, and nationality.

Nicholas II

1894 - 1918

Maintained principle of autocracy.
Moved economy closer to European standards.

Rasputin

1901 - 1916

Siberian peasant that was killed by three aristocrats.

Leon Trotsky

1903 - 1940

Leader of the Mensheviks.

Vladimir Lenin

1903 - 1924

Leader of the Bolsheviks

Joseph Stalin

1929 - 1953

Dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist (Russia).

Groups

Social Democrats

1883 - 1912

Russian Marxist group.

Social Revolutionaries

1902 - 1940

Mensheviks

1903 - 1922

Group that encouraged communism and capitalism.

Bolsheviks

1903 - 1952

Group that encouraged pure communism.

Concepts and Events

Serfdom

1820

More than 80% of people were serfs.

Decemberists

1825

Officers wanted a written constitution for Russia but Nicholas I had them killed.

Reforms

1855

Caused the creation of secret societies which later caused the death of Alexander II.

Bloody Sunday

1905

Peasants traveled to Nicholas II's winter palace where they were killed by the guards.

Bolshevik Revolution

1917

Opposed to continuing World War I and became popular after saving Petrogard.

Provisional Government (Duma)

1917

Made by Nicholas II to have men speak to Czar for the people but quickly removed.

Russian Civil War

1918

War was from 1918-1921.

Lenins Order (NEP)

1921

Established financing, marketing, and stability of currency for Russia.