This is a timeline for the English Civil War in the time period of 1625-1689.


Charles l becomes king (1625-1649)

March 1625 - January 1649

Charles l became King of England, Scotland and Ireland and ruled until he was executed in 1649.

The Petition of Right (1628)

June 1628

The Petition of Right was created so the King would not tax subjects without Parliament's permission.

The Eleven Years Tyranny (1629-1640)

1629 - 1640

This was a period of unrest because King Charles l did not think he needed Parliament to rule England.

The Short Parliament (1640)

April 1640 - May 1640

This is called the Short Parliament because it only lasted for three weeks. King Charles was forced to call it because he needed money to fund his military.

The Long Parliament (1640-1660)

November 1640 - March 1660

The Long Parliament lasted almost 20 years because it could only be dissolved by all members. It was established to pass financial bills.

Charles I tries to arrest Members of Parliament (1642)

January 1642

King Charles tried to arrest five Members of Parliament for treason during the Long Parliament.

Charles I declares war (1642)

August 1642

King Charles l declared war on Parliament because he thought they were too zealous and he thought he had support.

The Rump Parliament (1648)

December 1648

The Rump Parliament occurred after members of the Long Parliament were purged. Rump means those members left in Parliament after the others were out.

The Commonwealth of England (1649-1660)

1649 - 1660

The Commonwealth was after the Rump Parliament. Some say it ended in 1653 and others say 1660.

Execution of Charles l (1649)

February 6, 1649

King Charles l was executed for treason and beheaded. He was called a tyrant, a murderer, a public enemy and a traitor.

The Restoration (1660-1661)

1660 - 1661

The Restoration is when the English Monarchy was back ruling and King Charles ll took over.

The Test Acts (1673)


The Test Acts were religious laws against people who did not follow the right religion. They could not have certain jobs and were punished.

The Glorious Revolution (1688)


The Glorious Revolution was the real end of the English Civil War. Parliament was in place and religious issues ended.

The Bill of Rights (1689)


The Bill of Rights was passed on December 6, 1989 and set out the rights and freedom of the people of England.