Old Testament Events Timeline

Book

Genesis

4000 BCE - 1806 BCE

Exodus

1800 BC - 1445 BC

Leviticus

1445 BC - 1444 BC

Numbers

1445 BC - 1407 BC

Deutoronomy

1407 BC - 1406 BC

Joshua

1406 BC - 1375 BC

Judges

1375 BC - 1075 BC

Ruth

1140 BC - 1139 BC

Books of Samuel

1100 BC - 970 BC

Chronicles

1003 BC - 609 BC

Books of Kings

970 BC - 586 BC

Book of Ezra

537 BC - 456 BC

Nehemiah

445 BC - 432 BC

Major Themes

These are the Major themes as outlined by the course study notes.

This section includes major events of significance to the course.

Invasion of Sin (Genesis 3)

4000 BCE

Fall of man begins with the invasion of sin into the world. God created the world perfectly, but Adam and Eve wanted to be like God. This led to disobedience which led to sin entering the earth.

Willfully sinning, Adam and Eve lost their right to intimate fellowship with God, and were cast from the Garden of Eden.

Sin filtered from there on in, and has plagued man ever since. Even God wiping out the world in the story of Noah, did not destroy sin. The tower of Babel and the shenanigans of Abraham and his descendants prove this. Today man is desperately far apart from God, as the passing of time continues it become even more so. Praise God for Grace!

Creation (Genesis)

4000 BCE

God Created the Heavens and the Earth through his spoken word. In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
(Gen 1:1 KJV)

Day 1 - God created light and separated the light from the darkness, calling light "day" and darkness "night."
Day 2 - God created an expanse to separate the waters and called it "sky."
Day 3 - God created the dry ground and gathered the waters, calling the dry ground "land," and the gathered waters "seas." On day three, God also created vegetation (plants and trees).
Day 4 - God created the sun, moon, and the stars to give light to the earth and to govern and separate the day and the night. These would also serve as signs to mark seasons, days, and years.
Day 5 - God created every living creature of the seas and every winged bird, blessing them to multiply and fill the waters and the sky with life.
Day 6 - God created the animals to fill the earth. On day six, God also created man and woman (Adam and Eve) in his own image to commune with him. He blessed them and gave them every creature and the whole earth to rule over, care for, and cultivate.
Day 7 - God had finished his work of creation and so he rested on the seventh day, blessing it and making it holy.

Creation of man (Genesis)

4000 BCE

This event is seen as the high point of God's creation. Man was created in God's image, i.e a similair but not identical representation. Man was made from dust and will one day return to dust which indicated his frailty.

In verse 26, God says, "Let us make man in our image, in our likeness ..." This is the only instance in the creation account that God uses the plural form to refer to himself. It's interesting to note that this happens just as he begins to create man. Many scholars believe this is the Bible's first reference to the Trinity.

Man was created a sociable creature and thus needed a companion. God created Eve from the rib of the man.

God Reveals Himself (Exodus)

1800 BC

God reveals Himself to Moses, thus beginning a new era where he makes himself personally knowable. Moses is told the name I AM, by the Lord

Many other meetings occur where the Lord reveals Himself. The burning bush, the cloud of glory and even being face to face with Moses.

Many things can be learnt from these encounters regarding the Lord.

I Am is the only God

1800 BC

The Lord reveals Himself as the one true God. HE does this firstly in his handling of the Egyptians.
He humbles the most powerful ruler in the world by sending plagues to destroy his lands.

He also showed this by delivering the Hebrews from Egypt and keeping them in the wilderness. He alone was able to care for 2 million people in a place where they should all have perished!

The ten Commandments

1760 BC

Once again the Ten Commandments had a very special significance for both Jewish and Christian faiths. The ten commandments were the spiritual law that governed the Israelies and the marker for perfection in God's eyes.

The best Summary of these commandments was given by our Lord Jesus " Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind.
(Mat 22:37 KJV)"

The Passover

1760 BC

The Passover had significant impact on the Israelites as well as the Christian faith.

It is a symbol of God's mercy and grace. It is a timeless testament to His faithfulness.

The book of numbers

1445 BC

• A census or count of the people was needed to prepare them for future tasks. The first census organized the people by tribes, for their journey ahead. The second census, in Chapter 26, counted the men 20 years and older who could serve in the army. Planning is wise if we face a major task.

• Rebellion against God brings bad consequences. Instead of believing Joshua and Caleb, the only two spies who said Israel could conquer Canaan, the people did not trust God and refused to cross into the Promised Land. For their lack of faith, they wandered 40 years in the desert until all but a few of that generation had died.

• God does not tolerate sin. God, who is holy, let time and the desert take the lives of those who disobeyed him. The next generation, free of the influence of Egypt, were prepared to be a separate, holy people, loyal to God.

• Canaan was the fulfillment of God's promises to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. The Jewish people grew in numbers during their 400 years of slavery in Egypt. They were now strong enough, with God's help, to conquer and populate the Promised Land. God's word is good. He rescues his people and stands by them.

Holiness and right living (Leviticus)

1445 BC

guidebook for teaching God's people about holy living and worship. Everything from sexual conduct, to the handling of food, to instructions for worship and religious celebrations are covered in detail in the book of Leviticus. This is because every aspect of our lives--moral, physical and spiritual--is important to God.

Deutoronomy Theme

1407 BC

A new generation of Israelites was about to enter the Promised Land. This multitude had not experienced the miracle at the Red Sea or heard the law given at Sinai, and they were about to enter a new land with many dangers and temptations. The book of Deuteronomy was given to remind them of God’s law and God’s power.

It could be known as the giving of the "second Law" It served to reestablish God and His covenant with a new generation.

Other Events

Other Events occuring on the timeline Major as well as some minor

Birth of Seth (Genesis 5:6)

3820 BC

Birth of Noah (Genesis 7:6)

2894 BC

Beginning of the flood (Genesis 7:11, 8:13-14)

2294 BC

Birth of Abraham (Genesis 12:4)

2001 BC

Abraham leaves Haran (Genesis 16:16)

1926 BC

Birth of Ishmael (Genesis 21:5)

1915 BC

Birth of Isaac (Genesis 25:26)

1901 BC

Birth of Jacob (Genesis 47:9)

1841 BC

Jacob enters Egypt (Genesis 47:28)

1711 BC

Death of Jacob (Genesis 49:33)

1694 BC

Birth of Moses ( Exodus 7:7)

1576 BC

Moses Flees into Midian (Exodus 2:11)

1496 BC

Exodus from Egypt (Exodus 16:35)

1447 BC

Israelites Groan in Slavery (Exodus 2:23)

1447 BC

The Isreaelites At Mount Sinai (Exodus 19)

1447 BC

Moses Sent to Deliver Israel (Exodus 3 - 6)

1447 BC

The Ten Plagues on Egypt (Exodus 7 - 12)

1446 BC

Crossing of Jordan Joshua 14:7, 24:29

1445 BC

Dividing of the Land ( Joshua 14:7-10)

1441 BC

Judges begin leading Israel Joshua 24:29

1426 BC

Saul (first king) begins reign ( Acts 13:21)

1100 BC

David begins reign

1060 BC

Solomon begins reign (1 Kings 6:1)

1020 BC

Solomon begins to build temple (1 Kings 11:42)

1016 BC

Rehoboam begins reign (1 Kings 14:21)

980 BC

Abijah begins reign 1 Kings 15:2

963 BC

Asa begins reign (1 Kings 15:9-10)

960 BC

Hezekiah begins reign (2 Kings 18:2)

726 BC

Jehoahaz begins reign (3 months) 2 Kings 23:31

609 BC

Jehoakim begins reign (2 Kings 23:36)

609 BC

Babylon besieges Israel Daniel 1:1

606 BC

Destruction of the first temple (Jeremiah 52:12-13, 25:1, Daniel 2:1)

588 BC

Cyrus decrees rebuilding temple ( 2 Chronicles 36:21, 23)

536 BC

Artaxerxes decrees rebuilding Jerusalem Nehemiah 2:1

445 BC

Birth of Jesus Christ (Matthew 2:1, 15)

6 BC