Born in Dorset - rural Southwestern region in agricultural England.
Hardy starts school in Stinford
Continues schooling in Dorchester
1850 - 1856
Becomes an apprentice to arcitect John Hicks
1856 - 1860
Witness hanging of Martha Browne
Martha Browne hung for murdering her husband
Friendship begins Horace Moule
Horace Moule - son of Henry Moule, vicar of Fordington. Moule becomes Hardy's intellectual mentor, and encourages his study of Latin and Greek.
Moves to London to work for architect Arthur Blomfield
Returns to Dorset, working with Hicks to restore local church
Horace Moule commits suicide
Inspires Hardy to write, 'Standing by the Mantelpiece'
Hardy marries Emma Gifford
They move into London
Tess of the D'Urbervilles published
Relationship with Florence Henniker begins
Applies more strain on the already fragile relationship between the Hardy's
'Jude the Obsure' published
Important victorian events
Vaccination for the poor introduced
Parliament enabled local poor law authorities to provide vaccination at the expense of ratepayers. Battles over the ethical and practical issues involved lasted for the remainder of Victoria's reign. Throughout the C19th many anti-vaccination campaigns took place.
Public Health Act
Parliament passed legislation to improve conditions in urban areas with higher than average death rates.
Darwin's 'On the Origin of the Species' is published
The book created an immediate stir, since Darwin's theory appeared to contradict the bible's creation story and call into question ideas of divine providence. Despite the influence of Darwin's work, very few Victorian scientists took up an atheistic position as a result of reading it.
Second Reform Act
Almost doubling the electorate, it gave the working man the vote and offered representation to the working classes. In a few urban constituencies working men even formed the electoral majority.
New law introduces secualr school boards
Although law does not make education compulsory, it opens up schooling to children of the poor.
Woman granted limited rights to retain property after marriage
This act changed the previous legal situation, in which all property automatically transferred to the control of a husband on marriage. It granted some limited separate protection to a married woman's property and also permitted women to retain up to £200 of their own wages or earnings.
The 'Secret Ballot' is introduced
Industrial and Agricultural Revolution
1811 - 1815
Workers attack factories and attempt to break up the machinery they fear will replace them.