Impact of Chairman Mao: China, 1946-76

Main events

First Five Year Plan

1953 - 1957

The Great Leap Forward

January 1958 - 1963

Third Five Year Plan

1962 - 1967

Mao dies

September 9 1976

The Civil War

Emperor overthrown, dynasty collapsed

1911

Chinese Republic set up

1911

Yuan Shikai Emperor

1915

Yuan Shikai dies

1916

Communist Party of China (CPC) established

1921

Sun-Yat Sen dies

1925

GMD launched campaign to break power of warlords

1926

Chiang decided to end cooperation with CPC

1927

GMD in control of whole of China

1928

Land reforms in Yan'an

1930

Confiscation of land from wealthier peasants and its redistribution among the poorest peasants

Mao is Party secretary and head of gov

1931

Japanese beginning to occupy parts of China

1931

The Long March

1934 - 1935

War against Japan

1937

An agreement reached with GMD and CPC

October 1945

Communist victory

1949

The consolidation of power

Jiangxi province - Emancipation of women

1930

Outlawed arranged marriages. Illegal to purchase wives. Divorce made easier.

Yan'an Rectification campaign

1942

Common Programme for China set up

September 1949

Set out an agenda for political, economic and social change

Korean War

1950 - 1953

New Marriage Law

1950

Residence permits

July 1951

All Chinese citizens over the age of 15 had to acquire official residence permits from the police and obtain permission if they wished to move to another area

1.3% State investment spent on healthcare

1952

Prostitution stamped out

1953

Children in edcation

1956

1/2 children aged between 7-16 were in full time education

96% primary-age children enrolled in school

1976

Economic planning and its results

Hundred Flowers Campaign

May 1957

HFC abandoned

July 1957

Launched a full scale attack counter-attack on intellectuals

Four No's Campaign

October 1957

Great Leap Forward

January 1958

Mao stepped down as Chairman of PRC

December 1958

Lushan conference

July 1959

Third Five Year Plan

1962

7,000 cadre conference

January 1962

Get support against further drift away from his socialist ideas (After 3rd FYP)

Deng's statement

June 1962

“It doesn’t matter if the cat is black or white; so long as it catches the mouse, it is a good cat.”

Summer Conference

July 1962

“Are we going to take the socialist road or the capitalist road? Do we want rural cooperation or don’t we?”

Socialist Education Movement

1964

Mao moved to Shanghai

November 1965

The Cultural Revolution & Aftermath

Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution launched

18 August 1966