After the coup of Lumumba, Joseph Mobutu appeals to the West to be put in power. Thus begins his 32 year long reign of power. A member of the Congolese military, journalist, Mobutu was named chief of staff of the military and then as supreme leader of the country. He was very sympathetic towards the West. He renames the Congo "Zaire" to summon a sort of authentic Africanness and changes his own name and way of dress to invoke a feeling of being an "African Leader." he used this to justify his own power. Rampant cronyism defined his rule, and appropriated foreign assets and companies to his friends in the political elite. The infrastructure developed during the Belgian Congo is neglected and money is spent of ridiculous personal indulges while Zaire is ranked lowest in the world. He cracked down on dissent, while he maintained friendly relations with the US, including Nixon, Regan, and Bush. In 1989 the cold war ends and ties are cut. In 1994, the Rwandan genocide sends Hutu refugees into neighboring Zaire and works to make him look good. Mobutu was more sympathetic with the Hutus,and looks the other way as war criminals and engineers of the genocide stay in camps and continue to commit violence against the Tutsis. In 1997 Tutsis rise up and Mobutu is driven out of Zaire, from the help of neighbors, but dies in 1997. Laurent Kabila is named leader, but dies in 2001.